Eltahir NF1, Mohammed HHA2 and Suliman SE2*
11Ministry of Agriculture, Animal Resources and Irrigation - Khartoum State, Sudan
2Department of Economics, College of Agricultural Studies, Sudan University of Science and Technology, Shambat, Sudan
*Corresponding Author: Suliman SE, Department of Economics, College of Agricultural Studies, Sudan University of Science and Technology, Shambat, Sudan.
Received: January 07, 2023; Published: February 21, 2023
The study conducted at Khartoum State-Sudan, aiming to evaluate the economics of tomatoes value chain analysis. The study mainly depended on primary data obtained from stratified random sample of 169 respondents composed of 8% traditional farmers, 5% drip irrigation farmers, 28% wholesalers, 44% retailers and 15% consumers selected from the localities of the State. The data collected subjected to descriptive, budgeting, and value chain analysis. The mapping results showed that the wholesalers received tomatoes (50%, 40%, and 10%) from the States of Khartoum, Gazira, and White Nile, respectively. All retailers get tomatoes from central markets of Khartoum State. The results of the budget analysis showed that traditional farmers were able to produce 11 tons of tomatoes per feddan while the drip irrigation farmers were able to produce 25 tons per feddan. Those farmers scored high benefit/cost ratio of 1.16 and 1.96, respectively. The greenhouses produced 5 tons of tomatoes every 2-3 months and scored a benefit/cost ratio of 5.6. The value chain analysis showed that wholesalers scored a benefit/cost ratio of 1.23 after paying the zakat, while the retailers scored a benefit/cost ratio of 1.75 after paying the locality fees, the price share of the traditional and drip irrigation farmers accounted to (16 - 19)% of the consumer price compared to the wholesalers share of (32-36)% and the retailers share of (38 - 41)%. The traditional farmers had 31% as added cost compared to 15% by traders and 54% by retailers. The study recommended the encouragement of production and marketing cooperatives for farmers and traders under close supervision and management of concerned institutions, ministries, national and commercial banks, and introduce adequate and appropriate transportation vehicles and packaging material for tomatoes.
Keywords: Value Chain; Tomato; Budget; Marketing Channels; Khartoum State
Citation: Suliman SE., et al. “Value Chain Analysis of Tomatoes Production and Marketing in Khartoum State, Sudan". Acta Scientific Agriculture 7.3 (2023): 38-44.
Copyright: © 2023 Suliman SE., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.