Establishment of Crop Cafeteria for Initial Testing of Crops and Varieties in Acidic
Soils of Meghalaya Under Organic Production System
Amit A Shahane* and UK Behera
Department of Agronomy, College of Agriculture (CAU-I), Kyrdemkulai, Meghalaya, India
*Corresponding Author: Amit A Shahane, Department of Agronomy, College of
Agriculture (CAU-I), Kyrdemkulai, Meghalaya, India.
November 24, 2022; Published: January 09, 2023
The crop cafeteria for rabi season crops was established at College of Agriculture, Kyrdemkulai, Meghalaya in December 2020. The objective is to introduce the students to different agronomic crops and study the suitability of new crops and varieties in Meghalaya state. The different varieties of field pea, chickpea, lentil, french bean, sunflower, safflower, green gram, black gram, wheat, linseed, groundnut, soybean and horse gram were sown in crop cafeteria. In total, 40 plots of dimension of 2 × 2 m were prepared and in each plot; lime and poultry manure were applied @2.5 and 5 t/ha respectively. The seeds of the crops were collected from ICAR-Indian Institute of Pulse Research, Kanpur and seed of local varieties grown in western Maharashtra arid zone of Maharashtra state. The sowing of the cops was done at uniform spacing of 30 × 5 cm spacing. Result showed that, grain yield of field pea, french bean and lentil varies from 425 - 1225 kg/ha, 95-392 kg/ha and 112-160 kg/ha, respectively. The chickpea yield varies from 47-170 kg/ha with IPCK 2004-29, IPC-2004-978, IPC-2005-62 and DCP-92-3 varieties indicating poor performance of chickpea. Both the wheat varieties (HD-2189 and Lok-1) grow very well with grain yield of 2002 to 2582.5 kg/ha. In nutshell, timely sowing, maintaining optimum plant population, in-season nutrient management and addition of crop residue as mulch for conserving water are important operation need to be conducted in rabi season for successfully establishing crop cafeteria.
Keywords: Northeast Hill region; Chickpea; Field Pea; Lentil
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