Acta Scientific Agriculture (ASAG)(ISSN: 2581-365X)

Review Article Volume 7 Issue 2

Controlled Traffic Farming: A Sustainable Solution to Soil Compaction

Rashmi Bangale*

Senior Research Fellow (AICRP on Farm Implements and Machinery), ICAR-Central Institute of Agricultural engineering, Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh, India

*Corresponding Author: Rashmi Bangale, Senior Research Fellow (AICRP on Farm Implements and Machinery), ICAR-Central Institute of Agricultural engineering, Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh, India.

Received: November 17, 2022; Published: January 09, 2023

Abstract

Sustainable agricultural production aims to feed and fuel for increasing population. The use of advanced heavy farm machinery has enhanced the efficiency of agricultural operations and food production since many decades. But on the other part, these machines are affecting soil health causing the soil compaction. About 68 million ha of land worldwide has been affected with soil compaction. Wheel traffic induced soil compaction increases soil bulk density, Consequently, affect nutrient mobility and soil gaseous fluxes, crop/root growth, crop productivity, yield and economics. Controlled traffic farming (CTF) is a one of the sustainable solutions to overcome the soil compaction or prevent the further soil compaction. CTF separates the wheel traffic lane from the cropping zone and may be resulted in less than 30% area under traffic lane. Research confirms the positive effects on agricultural production and soil health worldwide. In this article we discuss about the soil compaction, its causes, adverse effects and CTF system in terms of trafficked area, soil health, environment and economic sustainability.

Keywords: Soil Compaction, Wheel Traffic, Controlled Traffic Farming

References

  1. Abu-Hamdeh NH. “Compaction and subsoiling effects on corn growth and soil bulk density”. Soil Science Society of America Journal4 (2010): 1213-1219.
  2. Antille, et al. “The potential of controlled traffic farming to mitigate greenhouse gas emissions and enhance carbon sequestration in arable land: A critical review. Transactions of the ASABE 58.3 (2015): 707-731.
  3. Batey “Soil compaction and soil management - A review”. Soil Use and Management 25.4 (2009): 335-345.
  4. Bochtis, et al. “Tramlines establishment in controlled traffic farming based on operational machinery cost”. Biosystems Engineering 107.3 (2010): 221e231.
  5. Botta, et al. “Tillage and traffic effects (planters and tractors) on soil compaction and soybean (Glycine max L.) yields in Argentinean pampas”. Soil and Tillage Research 110.1 (2010): 167-174.
  6. Chamen “Controlled traffic farming - its history, global context and future prospects”. In Proceedings of the 16th Triennial Conference of the International Soil Tillage Research Organisation, Brisbane, Australia (2003): 289-294.
  7. Chamen, et al. “Mitigating arable soil compaction: A review and analysis of available cost and benefit data”. Soil and Tillage Research 146 (2015): 10-25.
  8. Chan, et al. “Agronomic consequences of tractor wheel compaction on a clay soil”. Soil and Tillage Research 89.1 (2006): 13-21.
  9. Davies, et al. “Soil management, 5th edition. Farming Press Ltd, Ipswich, England (1992).
  10. ECIFM. “Mechanisation and technology (2017).
  11. Fonteyne, et al. “Conservation agriculture improves long-term yield and soil quality in irrigated maize-oats rotation”. Agronomy 9.12 (2019): 1-13.
  12. Gasso, et al. “Controlled traffic farming: A review of the environmental impacts”. European Journal of Agronomy 48 (2013): 66-73.
  13. Godwin, et al. “Summary of the effects of three tillage and three traffic systems on cereal yields over a four-year rotation. In 2017 ASABE Annual International Meeting, Spokane (2017): 16-19.
  14. Gregorich, et al. “Soil and crop response to varying levels of compaction, nitrogen fertilization, and clay content”. Soil Science Society of America Journal 75.4 (2011): 1483-1492.
  15. Hamza MA and Anderson WK. “Soil compaction in cropping systems: A review of the nature, causes and possible solutions”. Soil and Tillage Research 2 (2005): 121-145.
  16. Horn R and Fleige H. “A method for assessing the impact of load on mechanical stability and on physical properties of soils”. Soil and Tillage Research1-2 (2003): 89-99.
  17. Horn, et al. “Scale-dependent soil strengthening processes - What do we need to know and where to head for a sustainable environment?” Soil and Tillage Research 195 (2019): 104388.
  18. Ishaq, et al. “Subsoil compaction effects on crops in Punjab, Pakistan: I. soil physical properties and crop yield”. Soil and Tillage Research 59.1-2 (2001a): 57-65.
  19. Ishaq, et al. “Subsoil compaction effects on crops in Punjab, Pakistan: II. Root growth and nutrient uptake of wheat and sorghum”. Soil and Tillage Research 60.3-4 (2001b): 153-161.
  20. Keller, et al. “Historical increase in agricultural machinery weights enhanced soil stress levels and adversely affected soil functioning”. Soil and Tillage Research 194 (2019): 104293.
  21. Kirby “Whither soil compaction research? Letter to the editor”. Soil and Tillage Research 93.2 (2007): 472-475.
  22. Larocque "Controlled Traffic Farming Final Report. Nuffield Study Tour” (2012).
  23. McHugh, et al. “Controlled traffic farming restores soil structure”. Soil and Tillage Research 104 (2009): 164-172.
  24. McKenzie “Agricultural soil compaction: Causes and management” (2010).
  25. McPhee John E and Aird Peter L. “Controlled traffic for vegetable production: Part 1. Machinery challenges and options in a diversified vegetable industry”. Biosystems Engineering 116 (2013): 144-154.
  26. Mehta, et al. “Indian Agriculture Counting on Farm Mechanization”. Ama, Agricultural Mechanization in Asia, Africa and Latin America 50 (2019): 84-89.
  27. Mulholland B and Fullen MA. “Cattle trampling and soil compaction on loamy sands”. Soil Use and Management 7 (1991): 189-193.
  28. Oldeman LR. “Global extent of soil degradation”. Published in ISRIC bi-annual report 1991-1992. Wageningen, The Netherlands (1992).
  29. Radford, et al. “Amelioration of soil compaction can take 5 years on Vertisol no till in the semi-arid subtropics”. Soila and Tillage Research 97.2 (2007): 249-255.
  30. Radford, et al. “Changes in the properties of a Vertisol and responses of wheat after compaction with harvester traffic”. Soil and Tillage Research 54 (2000): 155-170.
  31. Raper RL and Kirby JM. “Soil compaction: How to do it, undo it, or avoid doing it”. Agricultural Equipment Technology Conference 913 (2006): 1-15.
  32. Raper “Agricultural traffic impacts on soil”. Journal of Terramechanics 42 (2005): 259-280.
  33. Rochecouste., et al. “An analysis of the socio-economic factors influencing the adoption of conservation agriculture as a climate change mitigation activity in Australian dryland grain production”. Agricultural Systems 135 (2015): 20-30.
  34. Shaheb, et al. “A Review on the Effect of Soil Compaction and its Management for Sustainable Crop Production”. Journal of Biosystems Engineering 46.4 (2021): 417-439.
  35. Shubha, et al. “Controlled traffic farming: an approach to minimize soil compaction and environmental impact on vegetable and other crops. Current Science 119.11 (2020): 1760-1766.
  36. Siczek, et al. “Efects of soil deformation and surface mulching on soil physical properties and soybean response related to weather conditions”. Soil and Tillage Research 153 (2015): 175-184.
  37. Sidhu D and Duiker SW. “Soil compaction in conservation tillage: Crop impacts”. Agronomy Journal5 (2006): 1257-1264.
  38. Soane, et al. “Compaction by agricultural vehicles - a review. 3. Incidence and control of compaction in crop production”. Soil and Tillage Research 2 (1982): 3-36.
  39. Soane BD and Van Ouwerkerk C. “Soil compaction problems in world agriculture”. In: Soane, B.D., van Ouwerkerk, C. (Eds.), Soil Compaction in Crop Production. Elsevier Science (1994): 1-21.
  40. “Glossary of soil science terms 2008”. In Soil science Society of America Journal (2008): 1-82. Madison, Wisconsin: Soil Science Society of America.
  41. Tamirat, et al. “Controlled traffic farming and field traffic management: Perceptions of farmers groups from Northern and Western European countries”. Soil and Tillage Research 217 (2022).
  42. Taylor “Benefits of permanent traffic lanes in a controlled traffic crop production system”. Soil and Tillage Research 3 (1983): 385-395.
  43. Taylor “Reduction of traffic-induced soil compaction - special issue”. Soil and Tillage Research 24 (1992): 301-302.
  44. Tullberg, et al. “Controlled traffic farming-from research to adoption in Australia”. Soil and Tillage Research 97.2 (2007): 272-281.
  45. Tullberg “Tillage, traffic and sustainability - a challenge for ISTRO”. Soil and Tillage Research 111 (2010): 26-32.
  46. Tulleberg “Wheel traffic effect on tillage draught”. Journal of Agricultural Engineering Research 75.4 (2000): 375-382.
  47. Wang, et al. “Controlled traffic farming with no tillage for improved fallow water storage and crop yield on the Chinese Loess Plateau”. Soil and Tillage Research 104 (2009): 192-197.
  48. Webb, et al. “Tramline Farming System: Technical Manual”. Bulletin 4607 (2004): 88.

Citation

Citation: Rashmi Bangale. “Controlled Traffic Farming: A Sustainable Solution to Soil Compaction". Acta Scientific Agriculture 7.2 (2023): 18-24.

Copyright

Copyright: © 2023 Rashmi Bangale. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.




Metrics

Acceptance rate32%
Acceptance to publication20-30 days
Impact Factor1.014

Indexed In




News and Events


  • Certification for Review
    Acta Scientific certifies the Editors/reviewers for their review done towards the assigned articles of the respective journals.
  • Submission Timeline for Upcoming Issue
    The last date for submission of articles for regular Issues is April 30th, 2024.
  • Publication Certificate
    Authors will be issued a "Publication Certificate" as a mark of appreciation for publishing their work.
  • Best Article of the Issue
    The Editors will elect one Best Article after each issue release. The authors of this article will be provided with a certificate of "Best Article of the Issue"
  • Welcoming Article Submission
    Acta Scientific delightfully welcomes active researchers for submission of articles towards the upcoming issue of respective journals.

Contact US





//