Acta Scientific Agriculture (ASAG)(ISSN: 2581-365X)

Review Article Volume 6 Issue 12

Role of Agricultural Biodiversity in Sustainable Food and Nutrition Security

GP Srivastava*

Department of Agricultural Biochemistry, C S Azad University of Agriculture and Technology, Kanpur, India

*Corresponding Author: GP Srivastava, Department of Agricultural Biochemistry, C S Azad University of Agriculture and Technology, Kanpur, India.

Received: April 21, 2022; Published: November 11, 2022

Abstract

Agricultural biodiversity results from the interaction between the genetic resources environment and the management systems and practices including multiple cropping and mixed cropping adopted by farming community and are considered much vital for nutrition security. It includes the variety and variability of plants, animals and microorganisms which are necessary to sustain key functions of agro-ecosystems responsible for food production. Diversity of genetic resources can increase farm productivity, maintain and increase soil fertility and check or minimize the adverse effect of pests and diseases. It can also provide farmers with expanded gene pool out of which they could select adaptable populations for changed climatic conditions. Similarly, diversity of diet pattern of people based on different farming systems would be helpful in providing them nutrition security by making available all the essential nutrients in adequate quantities. Moreover, it broadens the composition of diet including major nutrients, micronutrients, vitamins, fiber and minerals essential to keep us healthy. However, agricultural biodiversity and the diverse food production systems are being adversely affected due to disappearance or decline of harvested and unharvested species, varieties, animals and fish breeds. Thus, there appears an urgent need to manipulate and adopt agro-ecosystems which could conserve the biodiversity to the desired extent and at the same time improve sustainable food and nutrition security.

Keywords: Agricultural Biodiversity; Agro-Ecosystems; Sustainability; Nutritional Security

References

  1. Agricultural Biodiversity: FAO Multifunctional Character of Agriculture and Land: Conference Background Paper No. 1, Maastricht (1999).
  2. Altieri MA. “Applying agroecology to enhance the productivity of peasant farming systems in Latin America”. Environment, Development and Sustainability 1 (1999): 197-217.
  3. Vandermeer JH. “Intercropping”. In Agroecology (Carrol CP, Vandermmer JH and Rosset PM, Editors) Mc Graw-Hill, New york USA (1990): 481-516.
  4. Zhong F and Li L. “Using competitive and facilitative interactions in intercropping systems enhances crop productivity and nutrient- use efficiency”. Plant Soil 248 (2003): 305- 312.
  5. Wolfe M., et al. “The use of cultivar mixtures for disease control”. In Strategies for the Control of Cereal Disease (Jenkyn JF and Plumbrt, Editors) Blackwell scientific publications, Oxford UK (1981): 73-80.
  6. Zhu Y., et al. “Genetic diversity and disease control in rice”. Nature 406 (2000): 718-722.
  7. Pretty JN., et al. “Resource- conserving agriculture increases yields in developing countries”. Environmental Science and Technology 40 (2006): 1114- 1119.
  8. Gardner GT and Halweil B. “Unfed and Overfed”. The Global Epidemic of Malnutrition, World wateh Institute, Washington D C, USA (2000).
  9. Arimond M and Ruel MT. “Dietary diversity is associated with child nutritional status: Evidence from 11 demografic and health surveys”. The Journal of Nutrition 134 (2004): 2579-2585.
  10. Neumann C., et al. “Contribution of animal source foods in improving diet quality and function in children in the developing world”. Nutrition Research 22 (2002): 193-220.
  11. Agricultural Biodiversity. “FAO multifunctional character of agriculture and land: Conference background paper no.1 Maastrichet (1999).
  12. FAO State of the World’s Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture Prepared for the Leipzig Conference (1996).
  13. “Sustainable Agricultural Biodiversity and Agri-ecosystem Functions”. opportunities, incentives and approaches for the conservation and sustainable use of agricultural biodiversity. Report of the FAO/CBD Agricultural Biodiversity Workshop, 2-4 December, Rome (1998).

Citation

Citation: GP Srivastava. “Role of Agricultural Biodiversity in Sustainable Food and Nutrition Security". Acta Scientific Agriculture 6.12 (2022): 28-31.

Copyright

Copyright: © 2022 GP Srivastava. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.




Metrics

Acceptance rate32%
Acceptance to publication20-30 days
Impact Factor1.014

Indexed In




News and Events


  • Certification for Review
    Acta Scientific certifies the Editors/reviewers for their review done towards the assigned articles of the respective journals.
  • Submission Timeline for Upcoming Issue
    The last date for submission of articles for regular Issues is February 15, 2023.
  • Publication Certificate
    Authors will be issued a "Publication Certificate" as a mark of appreciation for publishing their work.
  • Best Article of the Issue
    The Editors will elect one Best Article after each issue release. The authors of this article will be provided with a certificate of “Best Article of the Issue”.
  • Welcoming Article Submission
    Acta Scientific delightfully welcomes active researchers for submission of articles towards the upcoming issue of respective journals.
  • Contact US