Department of Agricultural Biochemistry, C S Azad University of Agriculture and Technology, Kanpur, India
*Corresponding Author: GP Srivastava, Department of Agricultural Biochemistry, C S Azad University of Agriculture and Technology, Kanpur, India.
Received: April 21, 2022; Published: November 11, 2022
Agricultural biodiversity results from the interaction between the genetic resources environment and the management systems and practices including multiple cropping and mixed cropping adopted by farming community and are considered much vital for nutrition security. It includes the variety and variability of plants, animals and microorganisms which are necessary to sustain key functions of agro-ecosystems responsible for food production. Diversity of genetic resources can increase farm productivity, maintain and increase soil fertility and check or minimize the adverse effect of pests and diseases. It can also provide farmers with expanded gene pool out of which they could select adaptable populations for changed climatic conditions. Similarly, diversity of diet pattern of people based on different farming systems would be helpful in providing them nutrition security by making available all the essential nutrients in adequate quantities. Moreover, it broadens the composition of diet including major nutrients, micronutrients, vitamins, fiber and minerals essential to keep us healthy. However, agricultural biodiversity and the diverse food production systems are being adversely affected due to disappearance or decline of harvested and unharvested species, varieties, animals and fish breeds. Thus, there appears an urgent need to manipulate and adopt agro-ecosystems which could conserve the biodiversity to the desired extent and at the same time improve sustainable food and nutrition security.
Keywords: Agricultural Biodiversity; Agro-Ecosystems; Sustainability; Nutritional Security
Citation: GP Srivastava. “Role of Agricultural Biodiversity in Sustainable Food and Nutrition Security". Acta Scientific Agriculture 6.12 (2022): 28-31.
Copyright: © 2022 GP Srivastava. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.