The Effect of Different Types of Fertilizer on Groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.) Varieties
Ibrahim AM1*, Kerau MI2, Saleh MH1, Sanusi J1, Adesoji AG1
1Department of Agronomy, Federal University Dustin-Ma Katsina State, Nigeria
2Department of Agriculture Education, Isa Kaita College of Education Dustin-Ma
Katsina State, Nigeria
*Corresponding Author: Ibrahim AM, Department Agronomy, Federal University Dustin-Ma Katsina State, Nigeria.
September 06, 2022; Published: October 15, 2022
Groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.) is one of the most important oilseed crops grown in semi-arid and subtropical areas of the world. The crop is not able to meet market demands due to poor yield. The objective of this was to investigate the effect of different types of fertilizer on groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.) VARIETIES in Katsina State. Two field experiments were conducted during the 2020 and 2021 rainy seasons at Basic vocational Agricultural research farm Gidan Kwakwa Katsina 13.00530N, 7.58540E. Treatments consisted of two varieties of groundnut (SAMNUT 25 and SAMNUT 26) and four different types of fertilizer (zero fertilizer, organic manure, NPK fertilizer, and poultry manure) replicated three times. A combination of eight treatments was factorized and laid out in a randomized complete block design (RCBD)). The study revealed that there was a significant (P ≤ 0. 05) effect of different types of fertilizer applications on the number of branches per plant, plant height, and canopy spread at 3, 6 and 9 WAS and SAMNUT 25 significantly (P ≤ 0.05) performed better than SAMNUT 26 groundnuts. Poultry manure recorded a significant (P ≤ 0.05) effect on plant height at 3, 6 and 9 WAS, canopy spread at 3, 6 and 9 WAS, and the number of branches per plant at the two growing seasons. However, the study revealed that SAMNUT 25 and poultry manure application on growth parameters proved to be most effective in the study area.
Keywords: Groundnut Varieties; Growth; NPK Fertilizer; Organic Manure; Poultry Manure
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