Acta Scientific Agriculture (ASAG)(ISSN: 2581-365X)

Review Article Volume 6 Issue 6

Metabolic Communications of Aspergillus and its Mycotoxins with Plant and Soil Microbiome

Ajithkumar K1*, Asha MK2, Savitha AS2, Renuka M1 And Yenjerappa ST2

1AICRP on Linseed, Main Agricultural Research Station, India
2Department of Plant Pathology, College of Agriculture, University of Agricultural Sciences, Raichur, Karnataka, India

*Corresponding Author: Ajithkumar K, AICRP on Linseed, Main Agricultural Research Station, India.

Received: April 11, 2022; Published:


The saprophytic Aspergillus are highly diverse fungal genus infecting food crops with significant producers of various mycotoxins which threatening global food safety. Mycotoxins are toxic potent secondary metabolites produced by certain group of fungi, such as Aspergillus, Fusarium and Penicillium, under varied environmental conditions that are toxic to humans and domestic animals associated with food and animal feeds at all stages of the food chain. Mycotoxins are studied predominantly from the perspective of human and livestock health. Meanwhile their roles are far less known in nature. However, to understand the factors behind mycotoxin production the roles of the toxins of Aspergilli must be understood from a complex ecological perspective taking mold-plant, mold-microbe and mold-animal interactions into account. The cell to cell communication between mold-plant and mold-microbe is very much essential to understand the factors determines the production of mycotoxin and its significance in the metabolism of the plant and soil microorganisms. Hence the present review enlightens the role of toxigenic Aspergillus species and their interface with plants and soil biota by deploying almost recent literature.

Keywords: Aflatoxin; Aspergillus; Interaction; Mycotoxin


  1. Mikael JB and Anderse R. “Aspergilli: Models for systems biology in filamentous fungi”. Current Opinion in Systems Biology 6 (2017): 67-73.
  2. Keller NP., et al. “Fungal secondary metabolism-from biochemistry to genomics”. Nature Reviews Microbiology 3 (2005): 937-947.
  3. Pfliegler WP., et al. “The Aspergillus and their mycotoxins: Metabolic interactions with plants and the soil biota”. Frontiers in Microbiology 10 (2020): 1-21.
  4. Yiannikouris A and Jouany JP. “Mycotoxins in feeds and their fate in animal: a review”. Animal Research 51 (2002): 81-99.
  5. Scerif SO., et al. “Mycotoxins and child health: The need for health risk assessment”. International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health 21 (2009): 347-368.
  6. Zinedine A and Mane J. “Occuarrence and legislation of mytoxins in food and feed”. Food Control 2 (2009): 334-344.
  7. Moretti A. and Susea A. “Mycotoxigenic fungi” (2017): 33-51.
  8. Chen ZY., et al. “PR10 expression in maize and its effect on host resistance against Aspergillus flavus infection and aflatoxin production”. Molecular Plant Patholology 11 (2010): 69-81.
  9. Dolezal AL., et al. “Aspergillus flavus infection induces transcriptional and physical changes in developing maize kernels”. Frontiers in Microbiology 5 (2014): 1-10.
  10. Holbrook CC and Stalker HT. “Peanut breeding and genetic resources in plant breeding reviews”. 22 (2003): 297-356.
  11. Nayak SN., et al. “Aspergillus flavus infection triggered immune responses and host-pathogen cross-talks in groundnut during in-vitro seed colonization”. Scientific Reports7(2017): 1-14.
  12. Benoit I., et al. “Bacillus subtilis attachment to Aspergillus niger hyphae results in mutually altered metabolism”. Environmental Microbiology 17 (2015): 2099-2113.
  13. Verheecke C., et al. “Streptomyces-Aspergillus flavus interactions: impact on aflatoxin B accumulation”. Food Additives and Contaminants 32 (2015): 572-576.
  14. Leszkowicz A and Manderville RA. “Ochratoxin A: an overview on toxicity and carcinogenicity in animals and humans”. Molecular Nutrition and Food Research 51 (2007): 61-99.
  15. El Khoury R., et al. “Ability of soil isolated actinobacterial strains to prevent, bind and biodegrade ochratoxin A”. Toxins 9 (2017): 1-11.
  16. Pique E., et al. “Occurrence of patulin in organic and conventional apple-based food marketed in catalonia and exposure assessment”. Food Chemical Toxicology 60 (2013): 199-204.
  17. Chang PK., et al. “Cyclopiazonic acid biosynthesis of Aspergillus flavus and Aspergillus oryzae”. Toxins 1 (2009): 74-99.


Citation: Ajithkumar K., et al. "Metabolic Communications of Aspergillus and its Mycotoxins with Plant and Soil Microbiome". Acta Scientific Agriculture 6.6 (2022): 00-00.


Copyright: © 2022 Ajithkumar K., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.


Acceptance rate32%
Acceptance to publication20-30 days
Impact Factor1.014

Indexed In

News and Events

  • Certification for Review
    Acta Scientific certifies the Editors/reviewers for their review done towards the assigned articles of the respective journals.
  • Submission Timeline for Upcoming Issue
    The last date for submission of articles for regular Issues is July 10, 2024.
  • Publication Certificate
    Authors will be issued a "Publication Certificate" as a mark of appreciation for publishing their work.
  • Best Article of the Issue
    The Editors will elect one Best Article after each issue release. The authors of this article will be provided with a certificate of "Best Article of the Issue"
  • Welcoming Article Submission
    Acta Scientific delightfully welcomes active researchers for submission of articles towards the upcoming issue of respective journals.

Contact US