Metabolic Communications of Aspergillus and its Mycotoxins with
Plant and Soil Microbiome
Ajithkumar K1*, Asha MK2, Savitha AS2, Renuka M1 And Yenjerappa ST2
1AICRP on Linseed, Main Agricultural Research Station, India
2Department of Plant Pathology, College of Agriculture, University of Agricultural Sciences, Raichur, Karnataka, India
*Corresponding Author: Ajithkumar K, AICRP on Linseed, Main Agricultural Research Station, India.
April 11, 2022; Published:
The saprophytic Aspergillus are highly diverse fungal genus infecting food crops with significant producers of various mycotoxins which threatening global food safety. Mycotoxins are toxic potent secondary metabolites produced by certain group of fungi, such as Aspergillus, Fusarium and Penicillium, under varied environmental conditions that are toxic to humans and domestic animals associated with food and animal feeds at all stages of the food chain. Mycotoxins are studied predominantly from the perspective of human and livestock health. Meanwhile their roles are far less known in nature. However, to understand the factors behind mycotoxin production the roles of the toxins of Aspergilli must be understood from a complex ecological perspective taking mold-plant, mold-microbe and mold-animal interactions into account. The cell to cell communication between mold-plant and mold-microbe is very much essential to understand the factors determines the production of mycotoxin and its significance in the metabolism of the plant and soil microorganisms. Hence the present review enlightens the role of toxigenic Aspergillus species and their interface with plants and soil biota by deploying almost recent literature.
Keywords: Aflatoxin; Aspergillus; Interaction; Mycotoxin
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