Supporting MATERIALS FACILITATE GROWTH and YIELD of Lagenaria Siceraria
Mst Atika Banu1, Md Azizul Hoque1, Md Main Uddin Miah2 and Md Sanaullah Biswas1*
1Department of Horticulture, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman Agricultural University, Bangladesh
2Department of Agroforestry and Environment, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman Agricultural University, Bangladesh
*Corresponding Author: Sanaullah Biswas, Department of Horticulture, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman Agricultural University, Bangladesh.
February 16, 2022; Published:
Improving the cultivation system of bottle gourd is the most important feature for achieving higher yield and quality fruits. In order to evaluate the yield potential of bottle gourd with various cultivation systems, the experiment was carried out at the research field of the Department of Horticulture of Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman Agricultural University (BSMRAU), Gazipur. The experiment consisted of four treatments of different supporting materials of cultivation viz. on the soil surface, horizontal scaffold (2.5 ft), horizontal scaffold (4 ft), and vertical scaffold (5.6 ft) with three replications. Different scaffolding systems enhanced plant growth, including fruit length, weight, and preferred fruit shape and color. Photosynthesis capacity was also enhanced by the supporting materials that reflected the plant's fruit yield. It also positively influenced the days' requirement of the first male and female flowering and the number of male flowers. The plant grown on a vertical scaffold enhanced the plant growth, such as the number of female flowers per plant and the number of fruit set per plant, and spent less time for the first fruit setting (60.33 days). The vertical scaffold also showed rapid harvesting time (66.67 days) and the highest number of fruits per plant (11.00). Furthermore, the economic analysis showed that the vertical scaffold cultivation system is profitable for bottle gourd cultivation.
Keywords: Scaffold; Bottle Gourd; Cucurbits; Fruit Yield and Quality; Cultivation Technology
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