Isolation and Identification of Most Prevailing Fungal Diseases of Wheat and Maize in Tehsil Havelian, District Abbottabad
Khadija Sardar1, Zishan Gul2* and Ghulam Mujtaba Shah1
1Department of Botany, Hazara University Mansehra, Pakistan
2Hazara Agriculture Research Station, Abbottabad, Pakistan
*Corresponding Author: Zishan Gul, Hazara Agriculture Research Station, Abbottabad, Pakistan.
May 22, 2021; Published: July 09, 2021
The present study was designed to investigate fungal diseases of wheat and maize crops of Tehsil Havelian, District Abbottabad, Pakistan. In this study seven fungal pathogens (Puccinia triticina, Ustilago tritici, Alternaria triticina, Drechslera tritici repentis, Fusarium gramenarium, Cladosporium herbarum, Curvularia lunata) causing leaf rust, Smut, Alternaria leaf blight, Tan spot/yellow spot, Fusarium head blight, Black point in wheat and four (Bioplaris maydis, Alternaria alternata, Curvularia lunata and Colletotrichum graminicola) causing Sourthen leaf blight, Alternaria leaf blight, Curvularia leaf spot and Anthracnose leaf blight in maize were isolated and identified on the basis of cultural characteristics and micrometry. In wheat samples Puccinia recondita and Alternaria triticina were most prevalent pathogens isolated in all ten sampling locations and showed maximum percent incidence of 73.33% and 90%, respectively. While Curvularia lunata was isolated from only one location Pangran with maximum incidence of 6.67%. Similarly in maize samples Alternaria alternata and Bipolaris maydis were dominated pathogens isolated in three locations Chamba, Sultanpur and Takia sheikhan with highest percent incidence 93.33% and minimum percent incidence was shown by Curvularia lunata i-e 3.33% isolated from samples of six locations. All foliar samples of wheat and maize were found infected either singly or mixed infection. Single infection percentage was found higher as compared to mixed infection.
Keywords: Wheat; Maize; Fungal Diseases; Disease Incidence
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