Evaluation of Advance Lines of Bread Wheat for Stripe Rust Resistance
Muzafar Shaukat1*, Fatima Khalid1, Yesrab Aman1, Saqlain Haider1, Javeed Iqbal2, Javed Iqbal Mirza3, Zahid Mahmood4 and Muhammad Farooq Hussain Munis1
1Department of Plant Sciences, Faculty of Biological Sciences, Quaid -i-Azam University, Pakistan
2Center for Plant Sciences and Biodiversity, University of Swat, Pakistan
3Crop Disease Research Institute, Pakistan
4National Agricultural Research Centre, Pakistan
*Corresponding Author: Muzafar Shaukat, Department of Plant Sciences, Faculty of Biological Sciences, Quaid i-Azam University, Pakistan.
May 27, 2021 ; Published: June 24, 2021
Stripe rust has been an important disease of wheat, reducing the yield and quality of grain and forage, and lowering seed vigor, germination and emergence. The disease continues to cause huge yield losses worldwide in susceptible wheat cultivars and poses a major threat to the sustainable production of cereal crops. The Present study was carried out to find stripe rust resistance in 52 advanced lines of bread wheat. Based on phenotypic evaluation at field and glass house, 12 resistant advanced lines of wheat were selected from 52 advanced lines for molecular analysis. Thirteen available SNPs genetic markers were used for the molecular validation of the selected advanced lines of wheat. Line-27 showed stripe rust resistance in the field screening as well as glass house experiments. Molecular analysis also revealed majority of resistant genes against strip rust in the line- 27. Advance Line-27 of bread wheat can be used in breeding programs for creating stripe rust resistant cultivars of wheat.
Keywords: Yellow Rust; Co-efficient of Infection; Final Rust Severity; Thousand Kernel Weight; Stripe Rust
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