Kannan CS Warrier*
Senior Principal Scientist (Scientist F) and ENVIS Coordinator, Institute of Forest Genetics and Tree Breeding (Indian Council of Forestry Research and Education), Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India
*Corresponding Author: Kannan CS Warrier, Senior Principal Scientist (Scientist F) and ENVIS Coordinator, Institute of Forest Genetics and Tree Breeding (Indian Council of Forestry Research and Education), Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India.
Received: June 15, 2021; Published: June 24, 2021
From shifting weather patterns that threaten food production, to rising sea levels that increase the risk of catastrophic flooding, the impacts of climate change are global in scope and unprecedented in scale. And according to the United Nations, without drastic action today, adapting to these impacts in the future, will be more difficult and costly. We know that the Greenhouse gases occur naturally and are essential to support life, by keeping some of the sun’s warmth from reflecting back into space and making Earth livable. However, anthropogenic activities, mainly, deforestation and industrialization have upset the balance. India as a party to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change is required to periodically communicate the greenhouse gas inventory for all the sectors as National Communication and we are doing it since 2004. As per the recent report to the UNFCCC, emission from India stood at 2607.49 million tonnes of carbon equivalent. Out of the total emissions, energy sector accounted for 73%, industrial processes, 8%, agriculture 16%, waste sector 3% and Land Use, Land Use Change and Forestry sector contributed 12% of the total emissions. Emissions recorded from the forestry sector comes from deforestation and forest degradation. Apart from this international reporting, periodic assessment of forest carbon is an indicator of ecosystem services from forests. We know forests play an important role in mitigation and adaptation to climate change and carbon sequestration by forests has attracted much attention globally as it is a relatively inexpensive method of mitigation of climate change. According to a report by FAO, the world’s forests, store an estimated 296 Gt of carbon. Globally over the past 25 years, the carbon stock in forest biomass has decreased by almost 17.4 Gt, equivalent to a reduction of 697 million tons per year. Approximately 2.6 billion tonnes of carbon dioxide, one-third of the CO2 released from burning fossil fuels, is absorbed by forests every year.
Citation: Kannan CS Warrier. “Climate Action". Acta Scientific Agriculture 5.7 (2021): 58.
Copyright: © 2021 Kannan CS Warrier. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.