Acta Scientific Agriculture (ISSN: 2581-365X)

Research ArticleVolume 5 Issue 7

Effect of Substrates on the Production of Banana Rejects by the Fragmentation Planting Method (FPM) in Central African Republic

Touckia Gorgon Igor1*, Elian Dieubeni Hubert1, Yongo Olga Diane2, Bobere Jesus Trésor1 and Kokou Kouami3

1High Institute of Rural Development, University of Bangui, Central African Republic
2Plant and Fungal Biodiversity Laboratory, Faculty of Science, University of Bangui, Central African Republic
3Forest Research Laboratory, Faculty of Science, University of Lomé, Togo

*Corresponding Author: Touckia Gorgon Igor, High Institute of Rural Development, University of Bangui, Central African Republic.

Received: May 15, 2021; Published:June 09, 2021

Citation: Touckia Gorgon Igor., et al. “Effect of Substrates on the Production of Banana Rejects by the Fragmentation Planting Method (FPM) in Central African Republic". Acta Scientific Agriculture 5.7 (2021): 02-07.

Abstract

In the Central African Republic, although its cultivation occupies an important place in the rural economy, plantain production remains insufficient due to the unavailability of good quality plant material. The objective of the present study is to test the effect of substrates on the production of banana offshoots by the Fragments Planting Method (FPM) of the stem by comparing different varieties in order to identify the one that responds better to this method. Two local varieties and one variety from the African Center for Banana and Plantain Research (CARBAP) were produced in the nursery. The propagator used is composed of three racks each filled with one or a mixture of substrate that are, sawdust, sand and fine sawdust of white wood, fine sand with a proportion mixed with coffee parchment. The effect of the variety and the substrate on the different parameters of growth of the seedlings was appreciated thanks to the analysis of variance (ANOVA) with two criteria of classification with the Software R version. The results show that the variety Batar of CARBAP, presents a better performance compared to the others. Regarding the substrate, the parchment+sand mixture gives more relevant results than the other substrates.

 

Keywords: PIF Method; Banana; Substrate; Central African Republic

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Copyright: © 2021 Touckia Gorgon Igor., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.



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