Genome Editing Technology in Plant Breeding: A Review
Rashmi Regmi1*, Bishnu Bhusal1, Pritika Neupane1, Kushal Bhattarai1, Binju Maharjan1, Suprava Acharya1, Bigyan KC1, Rishav Pandit1, Ram Prashad Mainali2 and Mukti Ram Poudel3
1Department of Plant Breeding, Tribhuwan University, Kathmandu, Bagmati Province, Nepalal
2Technical Officer, Nepal Agricultural Research Council, Khumaltar, Bagmati Province, Nepalal
3Assistant Professor, Department of Plant Breeding, Tribhuwan University, Kathmandu, Bagmati Province, Nepal
*Corresponding Author: Rashmi Regmi, Department of Plant Breeding, Tribhuwan University, Kathmandu, Bagmati Province, Nepal.
Received: March 12, 2021; Published: May 11, 2021
Global population growth is demanding for more food production in the future. The selection of the plant for cropping has led to the loss of valuable genotypes. Genome-editing technology is the recent advances in plant breeding which allows the insertion, deletion or substitution of the specific loci in the target host cell. Among the homologous recombination (HR) technology, transcription activation-like effector nuclease (TALEN), zinc finger nucleases (ZFN) and clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats (CRISPR); the most popular these days is CRISPR/Cas. Here, we review the methods of genome-editing, their applications, potentials, and the regulatory issues related to genetically modified organisms.
Keywords: Genome-editing; Homologous Recombination; CRISPR/Cas; Indels; Crop Improvements
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