Acta Scientific Agriculture (ASAG)(ISSN: 2581-365X)

Research Article Volume 4 Issue 10

Economic Growth and Expansion of the Agricultural Frontier, Case Study: Ecuador (1985 - 2015)

Rafael Reyes, Wilman-Santiago Ochoa-Moreno*, Luis Rojas Ojeda, Elisa Toledo and Viviana Torres

Department of Economy, Universidad Técnica Particular de Loja, Ecuador

*Corresponding Author: Wilman-Santiago Ochoa-Moreno, Department of Economy, Universidad Técnica Particular de Loja, Ecuador.

Received: September 11, 2020; Published: September 30, 2020

×

Abstract

  In this research, the relationship between the agricultural frontier and production for Ecuador in the period 1985 - 2015 is analyzed. It begins with a review of the existing literature, then, econometric models of autoregressive vectors and error correction are used. The results show that as production rises, an increase in the agricultural frontier is generated; results that are consistent when additional covariates are added. Among the main results, it is observed that the autoregressive vector model demonstrates that the variables (production and agricultural frontier) have a long-term equilibrium relationship. Also, the error correction model indicates that as the gross domestic product increases, the agricultural frontier expands. In conclusion, the results are coherent with each other and reinforce the idea that the Ecuadorian economy in the period of the analysis is still tied to dependence on livestock products.

Keywords: Agricultural Frontier; Co-integration; Production; Ecuador

×

References

  1. Akaike H. “A New Look at the Statistical Model Identification”. IEEE Transactions of Automatic Control6 (1974): 716-723.
  2. Andrade y Defaz. “Huella Ecológica del Ecuador”. Principales avances y resultados (2017).
  3. Antrop M. “Changing patterns in the urbanized countryside of Western Europe”. Landscape Ecology 15 (2000): 257-270.
  4. Apergis N and Ozturk I. “Testing environmental Kuznets curve hypothesis in Asian countries”. Ecological Indicators 52 (2015): 16-22.
  5. Barretto AG., et al. “Agricultural intensification in Brazil and its effects on land‐use patterns: an analysis of the 1975–2006 period”. Global Change Biology6 (2013): 1804-1815.
  6. Beckerman W. “Economic growth and the environment: whose growth? Whose environment?”. World Development4 (1992): 481-496.
  7. Blanchard OJ. “Macroeconomía: aplicaciones para Latinoaméricana”. Prentice-Hall (2011).
  8. Brown D., et al. “Land occupations and deforestation in the Brazilian Amazon”. Land Use Policy 54 (2016): 331-338.
  9. Bruyn y Heintz. “The Environmental Kuznets Curve Hypothesis”. In: J.C.J.M. van den Bergh (ed), UK, (1999): 656-677.
  10. Cabanillas Sánchez A. La reparación de los daños al medio ambiente, Pamplona, Aranzadi (1996).
  11. Carmona AR. “El dumping ecológico: el papel de las medidas comerciales”. Development 11 (1994): 1729-1748.
  12. Chidiak M., et al. “Captura de carbono y desarrollo forestal sustentable en la Patagonia Argentina: Sinergias y Desafíos” (2003).
  13. Culas R. “REDD and forest transition: Tunneling through the environmental Kuznets curve”. Ecological Economics 79 (2012): 44-51.
  14. Daly HE and Von Droste B. Medio ambiente y desarrollo sostenible: más allá del informe Brundtland (No. 333.7 MEDamb) (1997).
  15. Damette O and Delacote P. “The Environmental Resource Curse Hypothesis: TheForest Case. Working Paper”. INRA-LEF (2009).
  16. Damette and Delacote. “On the economic factors of deforestation: what can we learn from quantile analysis?”. Economic Modelling6 (2012): 2427-2434.
  17. Díaz M and Cancelo M. “Emisiones de CO2 y azufre y crecimiento económico: ¿Una curva de Kuznets ambiental?” Regional Sectorial Economic Studies 9 (2009).
  18. Dickey and Fuller. “Distribution of the Estimators for Autoregressive Time Series with a Unit Root”. Journal of the American Statistical Association 74 (1979): 427-431.
  19. Djezou W. “Optimal conversion of forest land to agriculture: Evidence from C Côte d’Ivoire”. Journal of Agricultural Studies2 (2013): 13-36.
  20. Ekins P. “The Kuznets Curve for the Environment and Economic Growth: Examining the Evidence”. Environment and Planning A: Economy and Space5 (1997): 805-830.
  21. Engle and Granger. “Co-Integration and Error Correction: Representation, Estimation and Testing”. Econometrica 2 (1987): 251-276.
  22. “Situación de los bosques del mundo 2001”. Roma (2001).
  23. Farfán Rodríguez-Tapia and Mas. “Análisis jerárquico de la intensidad de cambio de cobertura/uso de suelo y deforestación (2000-2008) en la Reserva de la Biosfera Sierra de Manantlán, México”. Investigaciones Geográficas 90 (2016): 89-104.
  24. Productivity Growth and Technology Capital in the Global Agricultural Economy (2010).
  25. Grossman GM and Krueger AB. “Environmental Impacts of a North American Free Trade Agreement”. National Bureau of Economic Research, Working Paper Nro (1991): 3914.
  26. Grossman and Krueger. IAEE 17th Annual International Energy Conference, Stavanger (1991).
  27. Gujarati and Porter. Econometría. México D.F., México: McGraw-Hill/Irwin, Inc (2010).
  28. Manual de Economía Ecológica. Santiago, Chile: Abya-Yala (1999).
  29. Hunter I and Schuck A. “Increasing forest growth in Europe—possible causes and implications for sustainable forest management”. Plant Biosystems-An International Journal Dealing with all Aspects of Plant Biology2 (2002): 133-141.
  30. “Determination of cointegration rank in the presence of linear trend”. Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics 54.3 (1992)
  31. Kuchelmeister G. “Árboles y silvicultura en el milenio urbano”. Unasylva 200 (2000): 49-55.
  32. Leblois Damette and Wolfersberger. “What has Driven Deforestation in Developing Countries Since the 2000s? Evidence from New Remote-Sensing Data”. World Development 92 (2017): 82-102.
  33. Navarrete D. “Análisis sistémico de la agriculturización en la pampa húmeda argentina y sus consecuencias en regiones extrapampeanas: sostenibilidad, brechas de conocimiento e integración de políticas”. United Nations Publications 118 (2006).
  34. Nené-Preciado., et al. “Land cover and land use change in coastal basins from the Central Pacific coast of Mexico”. Investigationes Geográficas (2017): 94.
  35. Nené-Preciado AJ., et al. “Cambio de cobertura y uso de suelo en cuencas tropicales costeras del Pacifico Central Mexicano”. Investigaciones Geográficas, Boletín del Instituto de Geografía 74 (2017): 64-81.
  36. Nieto-Garibay A., et al. “El uso de compostas como alternativa ecológica para la producción sostenible del chile en zonas áridas”. Interciencia8 (2002): 417-421.
  37. “Austerity and healthcare privatization in times of crisis: are there any differences among autonomous communities?” (2015).
  38. Repetto R. “The Extent and Rate of Deforestation”. En: Repetto R. and Gillis M. (Eds.). Public Policies and the Misuse of Forest Resources, 2-15. World Resources Institute. Cambridge University Press, USA (1988).
  39. Rivas ÁMM. “Las leyes del desarrollo económico endógeno de Kaldor: el caso colombiano”. Revista de Economía Institucional18 (2008).
  40. Roca and Padilla. Emisiones Atmosféricas y crecimiento económico en España: La curva de Kuznets ambiental y el protocolo de Kyoto (2003).
  41. “Does Intelligence Improve Environmental Sustainability? An Empirical Test”. Sustainable Development 24 (2016): 32-40.
  42. Shafik and Bandyopadhyay. “Economic Growth and Environmental Quality: Time Series and Cross-Country Evidence”. World Development Report. Working Papers (1992).
  43. Solow y Swan. El Modelo de Crecimiento Económico Aplicado a la Contaminación y su Reciclaje (1956).
  44. Stern and Common. “Is the on Environmental Quality: Time Series and Cross-Contry Evidence” (2001).
  45. Uclés D. “El valor económico del medio ambiente”. Ecosistemas 15 (2006).
  46. Wehkamp Koch Lübbers and Fuss. “Governance and deforestation – a meta- analysis in economics”. Ecological Economics 144 (2018): 214-227.
  47. Zambrano-Monserrate., et al. “Testing environmental Kuznets curve hypothesis in Peru: The role of renewable electricity, petroleum and dry natural gas”. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews 82 (2018): 4170-4178.
×

Citation

Citation: Wilman-Santiago Ochoa-Moreno., et al. “Economic Growth and Expansion of the Agricultural Frontier, Case Study: Ecuador (1985 - 2015)". Acta Scientific Agriculture 4.10 (2020): 31-41.




Metrics

Acceptance rate32%
Acceptance to publication20-30 days
Impact Factor0.869

Indexed In




News and Events


  • Certification for Review
    Acta Scientific certifies the Editors/reviewers for their review done towards the assigned articles of the respective journals.
  • Submission Timeline for Upcoming Issue
    The last date for submission of articles for regular Issues is October 20, 2021.
  • Publication Certificate
    Authors will be issued a "Publication Certificate" as a mark of appreciation for publishing their work.
  • Best Article of the Issue
    The Editors will elect one Best Article after each issue release. The authors of this article will be provided with a certificate of “Best Article of the Issue”.
  • Welcoming Article Submission
    Acta Scientific delightfully welcomes active researchers for submission of articles towards the upcoming issue of respective journals.
  • Contact US