Acta Scientific Agriculture (ASAG)(ISSN: 2581-365X)

Research Article Volume 4 Issue 9

Qualitative and Quantitative Analysis of Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) in Butwal Sub-metropolitan City, Nepal

Pooja Bhusal1*, Kopila Bashyal1, Rishav Pandit2* and Bikash Adhikari3

1Department of Environmental Science and Engineering, Kathmandu University, Nepal
2Department of Plant Breeding, Tribhuvan University, Nepal
3Department of Environmental Science and Engineering, Kathmandu University, Nepal

*Corresponding Author: Pooja Bhusal, Department of Environmental Science and Engineering, Kathmandu University, Nepal.

Received: June 24, 2020; Published: August 10, 2020



 Urbanization and land use affect the quantity and characteristics of Municipal Solid Waste in a fast-growing municipality. Management of increasing amounts of solid waste has become a major challenge in many cities in developing countries. The present study was conducted for analysis of MSW in Butwal Sub-Metropolitan City. For quantitative analysis per capita waste generation was calculated by using digital weighing machine and for qualitative analysis, waste is categorized into mainly eight category i.e. Organic, Paper and paper product, Rubber and Leather, Plastic, Metals, Textile, Glass, and Others. Stratified random survey was conducted in three sub areas: Rural, semi-urban and core urban city using standard questionnaire and KII for qualitative analysis and to know about present status of waste management in Butwal. The per capita waste generation rate of Butwal Sub-metropolitan city is found to be 244.33 g/day. The quantity of waste generation is found to be 47.56 tons/day and 17359.4 tons/year which include wastes from household, commercial and institutional sector. The overall composition of solid waste is made up of 54% organic, 17% paper and paper products, 15% plastic, 5% glass, 2% metal, 1% rubber and leather, 1% textiles and 5% others. After the study the composition of organic waste was found dominant among household, institutional and commercial areas.

Keywords: Solid Waste Management; Landfill Site; Municipal Solid Waste; Waste Characterization; Waste Disposal; KII



Citation: Pooja Bhusal., et al. “Qualitative and Quantitative Analysis of Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) in Butwal Sub-metropolitan City, Nepal". Acta Scientific Agriculture 4.9 (2020): 03-08.


Acceptance rate32%
Acceptance to publication20-30 days
Impact Factor1.014

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