Acta Scientific Agriculture (ASAG)(ISSN: 2581-365X)

Research Article Volume 4 Issue 8

Impacts of Climate Change on Communal Livestock Production: Experiences in Chiredzi District

Nhara RB1,2*, Halimani TE2 and Masunda B2

1Department of Livestock, Wildlife and Fisheries, Great Zimbabwe University, Zimbabwe
2Department of Animal Science, University of Zimbabwe, Mount Pleasant, Harare, Zimbabwe

*Corresponding Author: Nhara RB, Department of Livestock, Wildlife and Fisheries, Garry Magadzire School of Agriculture, Great Zimbabwe University, Masvingo, Zimbabwe.

Received: May 25, 2020; Published: July 30, 2020

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Abstract

 The study sought to find and measure climate change impacts on livestock production in Chiredzi district. Purposive sampling was done on 6 selected wards. Primary data on perceived climate change impacts was collected using a pretested questionnaire and 150 households were sampled. Secondary data on climatic records were collected from meteorological department. Climate data was used to establish climatic patterns. Empirical Ricardian regression model and descriptive statistics were used to measure climate change impacts on livestock. Increase in temperatures and decrease in rainfall events were highlighted by 98% and 84% of the farmers, respectively. In relation to forage and water availability 92% and 93% perceived a decrease respectively. Respondents perceived an increase in incidence of climate influenced diseases to include Heart water in goats, Foot and Mouth disease in cattle and Newcastle disease in poultry. Ricardian model concluded that climate change has an economic impact on livestock production at P < 0.05. In conclusion, climate change had an impact on livestock production in Chiredzi district as perceived by farmers. Proper livestock adaptation and mitigation strategies to reduce climate change vulnerability are required.

Keywords: Climate Change; Communal Livestock Production; Ricardian Regression Model

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References

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  47. Niggol Seo S., et al. “Analysis of the Impact of Climate Change on South American Farms”. Chilean Journal of Agricultural Research1 (2008): 69-79.
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  49. Eriksen S and Rosentrater, L. “Climate Change in Eastern and Southern Africa: Impacts, vulnerability and adaptation” (2008): 27.
  50. Oyhantçabal W., et al. “Climate change and links to animal diseases and animal production”. OIE (2010): 179-186.
  51. Bossche P., et al. “Climate change and animal health in Africa”. Revue Scientifique et Technique - Office International Des Épizooties2 (2008): 551-562.
  52. Linden P and Van Der. “Climate Change 2007: Impacts, Adaptation and Vulnerability”. Contribution of Working Group II to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change 982 (2007).
  53. Thornton PK and Gerber PJ. “Climate change and the growth of the livestock sector in developing countries”. Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change2 (2010): 169-184.
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  55. Babinszky, L., et al. “Impacts of climate change on Animal Production and Quality of Animal Food Products”. www.intechopen.com. (2012)
  56. Baylis M and Githeko AK. “The Effects of Climate Change on Infectious Disease of Animals”. Journal of Natural Products (2006).
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Citation

Citation: Nhara RB., et al. “Impacts of Climate Change on Communal Livestock Production: Experiences in Chiredzi District". Acta Scientific Agriculture 4.8 (2020): 91-96.




Metrics

Acceptance rate32%
Acceptance to publication20-30 days
Impact Factor0.869

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