Gisele Ferreira de Souza1* and Jair Ribeiro dos Santos Junior2
1Faculty of Medicine, University of São Paulo (USP), Brazil
1State University of Maringá (UEM), Brazil
*Corresponding Author: Gisele Ferreira de Souza, Faculty of Medicine, University of São Paulo (USP), Brazil.
Received: March 02, 2020; Published: July 30, 2020
The purpose of this research was to assess the effects of Gamma Radiation as well as Electron Beam on samples of Brazil nuts that are contaminated with Aspergillus flavus under temperatures of 30uC and a humidity of 93%. The process taked place in fifteen days of incubation where aflatoxins and mycobation are analyzed. The samples was further grouped into three groups namely, control, group 1 and group 2 which receive radiation of 0, 5 and 10 kGy dosage of electron beam (EB) and gamma radiation (GR). Some samples of not inoculated were illuminated with a similar dosage to evaluate the sensors. The results indicated that 0.80 of the samples had an average water capacity. Illumination or irradiation of gamma radiation and electron beam at a dosage of 5 and 10 kGy were able to eliminate the A. flavus fungi in the samples of Brazil nuts. Analyzes of aflatoxin indicated that electron beam doses of 5 and 10 kGy lowers aflatoxins levels by 53.32 and 65.66%, respectively. Moreover, this same dosage of gamma radiation lowered the levels of toxins by 70.61 and 84.15%, respectively, as compared to the control group. Sensory assessment showed that texture and smell or the illuminated samples of Brazil nuts were acceptable.
Keywords: Gamma Radiation; Electron Beam; Brazil Nuts; Aspergillus flavus; Aflatoxin
Citation: Gisele Ferreira de Souza and Jair Ribeiro dos Santos Junior. “Effects of Gamma Radiation and Electron Beam on Samples of the Food-green Peanuts, Organic Peanuts, and Eco-labelling Green Peanuts Industry Artificially Inoculate with Aspergillus flavus". Acta Scientific Agriculture 4.8 (2020): 66-76.
Copyright: © 2020 Gisele Ferreira de Souza and Jair Ribeiro dos Santos Junior. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.