Acta Scientific Agriculture (ASAG)(ISSN: 2581-365X)

Research Article Volume 4 Issue 4

Estimation of Exserohilum turcicum Efficiency in Quality Protein Maize Crosses: Component of Resistance

Saket Kumar1*, Rajeev Pratap Singh1 and Rajesh Singh2

1Department Environment Science and Technology, IESD, BHU, Varanasi, India
2Department of Genetics and Plant Breeding, Institute of Agricultural Sciences, BHU, Varanasi, India

*Corresponding Author: Saket Kumar, Department Environment Science and Technology, IESD, BHU, Varanasi, India.

Received: March 04, 2020; Published: April 29, 2020

×

Abstract

  NCLB is a seasonal maize crop disease which affected maize leaf under humid environment but in some cases QPM hybrid showed resistance to this disease. Author was selected 5 QPM and 6 non QPM inbred line from the screening and developed 30 crosses of QPM hybrid. These crosses were showing in two different environments (Irrigated and Rain-fed) along with two checks (Malviya Makka Hybrid 2 and local hybrid). After days to 50% tasseling NCLB observation was performed. QPM hybrid crosses showed better growth and development but checks infected to NCLB at 50% tasseling and silking which provide less amount of food supplements due to losses major amount of chlorophyll content.

Keywords: E. turcicum; Environments; NCLB; QPM; Yield

×

References

  1. Cimmyt. “Maize disease. A guide for field identification”. (4th Edit). Government of Pakistan. Minist. Food, Agric. Livestock, Econ. Wing. Islamabad, Pak (2004).
  2. Faostat. “Statistical Database of the Food and Agriculture of the United Nations” (2008).
  3. Krivanek AF., et al. “Breeding and disseminating quality protein maize (QPM) for Africa”. African Journal of Biotechnology 6 (2007): 4. 
  4. Sofi PA., et al. “Review article: Quality protein maize (QPM): Genetic manipulation for the nutritional fortification of maize”. Journal of Plant Breeding and Crop Science 1 (2009): 244-253.
  5. Scott Craig JS., et al. “The cyclic peptide synthetase catalyzing HC toxin production in the filamentous fungus Cochliobolus carbonum is encoded by a open reading frame”. Journal of Biological Chemistry 267 (2009) 26044-26049. 
  6. Akuamoa-Boateng A. “Quality Protein Maize Infant Feeding Trials in Ghana”. Ghana Health Service Report; Ghana Health Service: Ashanti, Ghana (2002).
  7. Wende A., et al. “Preferences and constraints of maize farmers in the development and adoption of improved varieties in the mid-altitude, sub-humid agro-ecology of western Ethiopia”. African journal of Agricultural Research 8 (2013): 1245-1254.
  8. Leonard K., et al. “Proposed nomenclature for pathogenic races of Exserohilum turcicum on corn”. Plant Disease (2013) 73:776-777.
  9. Pant SK., et al. “Effect of turcicum leaf blight on photosynthesis in maize”. Indian Phytopathology 54 (2001) 251-252.
  10. Costa RV and Cota LV. “Controle químico de doenças na cultura do milho: aspectos a serem considerados na tomada de decisão sobre aplicação”. Sete Lagoas: Embrapa Milho e Sorgo (2009) 11. 
  11. Kimati H., et al. Manual de fitopatologia volume 2: Doenças das plantas cultivadas. 4. ed. São Paulo: Editora Agronômica CERES Ltda (2005) 494.
  12. Kumar S., et al. “Evaluating interactive effect of initial screening hybrids in different environmental condition”. International Journal of Agriculture Sciences 9:20 (2017)4204-4208.
  13. Wheeler BEJ. “An Introduction to Plant Disease”. Wiley, London (1969): 617-619 .
  14. Campbell CL and Madden. “Introduction to plant disease epidemiology”. John Wiley and Sons, New York (1990).
  15. Jeger MJ. “Analysis of disease progress as a basis for evaluating disease management practices”. Annual Review of Phytopathology 42 (2004) 61-82.
  16. Harlapur SI. “Epidemiology and management of turcicum leaf blight of maize caused by Exserohilum turcicum (Pass.)”. Ph. D. Thesis, Univ. Agric. Sci., Dharwad, India (2005).
  17. Patil VS. “Epidemiology and management of leaf blight of wheat caused by Exserohilum hawaiienesis (Bugnicourt)”. Ph.D. thesis, Univ. Agric. Sci. Dharwad, India (2000).
×

Citation

Citation: Saket Kumar., et al. “Estimation of Exserohilum turcicum Efficiency in Quality Protein Maize Crosses: Component of Resistance". Acta Scientific Agriculture 4.5 (2020): 40-43 .



Member In




News and Events


  • Certification for Review
    Acta Scientific certifies the Editors/reviewers for their review done towards the assigned articles of the respective journals.
  • Submission Timeline for Upcoming Issue
    The last date for submission of articles for regular Issues is August 20, 2020.
  • Publication Certificate
    Authors will be issued a "Publication Certificate" as a mark of appreciation for publishing their work.
  • Best Article of the Issue
    The Editors will elect one Best Article after each issue release. The authors of this article will be provided with a certificate of “Best Article of the Issue”.
  • Welcoming Article Submission
    Acta Scientific delightfully welcomes active researchers for submission of articles towards the upcoming issue of respective journals.
  • Contact US