Acta Scientific Agriculture (ASAG)(ISSN: 2581-365X)

Research Article Volume 4 Issue 3

Tritrophic Effect of Metarhizium anisopliae on Wheat Aphids and its Parasitoids

Hafiz Sultan Sulahudin*, Asif Javed, M Jalal Arif and M Dildar Goggi

University of Agriculture Faisalabad, Pakistan

*Corresponding Author: Hafiz Sultan Sulahudin, University of Agriculture Faisalabad, Pakistan.

Received: January 30, 2020; Published: February 26, 2020

×

Abstract

  The present experiment was conducted to evaluate the tritrophic effect of Metarhizium anisopliae on wheat aphids and its parasitoids. The experiment consisted of ten treatments having seven concentrations (1 ppm, 2 ppm, 4 ppm, 8 ppm, 16 ppm, 32 ppm and 64 ppm) of M. anisopliae and field recommended doses of confidor (Imidacloprid) + Hombre (Febuconazole + Imidacloprid) and control. No aphid infestation was observed during the 1st week of December to the 2nd week of the February. 1.5 aphids/tiller were observed where Hombre, Confidor and M. anisopliae at the rate of 64 ppm, 32 ppm and 16 ppm were applied. Maximum aphid population (10.5/tiller) was observed in the control area than the treated plots. M. anisopliae application at the rate of 1 ppm, 2 ppm, 4 ppm and 8 ppm demonstrated 64.0%, 64.50%, 64.55% and 64.51% percent adult emergence of aphids. Seed treatment method was found statistically more effective (3.8 aphids/tiller) than root dip method (3.0 aphid/tiller).

Keywords: Beauveria bassiana ; Confidor; EPF; Imidacloprid; IPM; Metarhizium anisopliae; Shizaphis graminum; Triticum aestivum

×

References

  1. Huang L., et al. “Map-based cloning of leaf rust resistance gene Lr21 from the large and polyploid genome of bread wheat”. Genetics 164 (2003): 655-664.
  2. Hammad G., et al. “Genetic analysis of quantitative yield related traits in spring wheat (Triticum aestivum L.)” (2013).
  3. Hatchett A and H Webster. “Insect pests and mites of wheat”. In: Wheat and wheat improvement (E. G. Heyne), Madison, Wisconsin, USA (1987): 625-668.
  4. Aheer GM., et al. “Abiotic factors effect on population fluctuation of alate aphids in wheat”. Journal of Agricultural Research 46.4 (2008): 367-371.
  5. Aheer G., et al. “Abiotic factors effect on population fluctuations of alate aphids in wheat”. Journal of Agricultural Research 8.7 (2008): 342-349.
  6. Mahmood SH. “Mite fauna of stored grain seeds in central Iraq”. Journal of Stored Products Research 28 (2012): 179-181.
  7. Ryan JD., et al. “Greenbug and wheat: Model system for the study of phytotoxic”. Homoptera 171-186.
  8. Trdan S and L Mileroj. “The cereal aphid (Sitobion avenae T.). Wheat pest”. Sodobno-Kmetijstvo 32 (1999): 119-128.
  9. Aheer GM., et al. “Role of weather in fluctuating aphid density in wheat crop”. Journal of Agricultural Research 32.3 (1994): 295-301.
  10. Rebbinge R., et al. “Damage effects of cereal aphids in wheat”. Netherlands Journal of Plant Pathology 187 (1981): 217-232.
  11. Kieckhefer RW and JL Gellner. “Yield losses in winter wheat cause by low density cereal aphid population”. American Society of Agronomy 84 (1992): 180-183.
  12. Kumar R. “Insect pest control with special reference to African agriculture”. Edward Arnold publishers, Michigan (1984): 455.
  13. Thomas M and J Waage. “Integration of biological control and host plant resistance breeding: A scientific and literature review tech”. Center Agric. Rural Crop. Wageningen, Netherland (1996): 99.
  14. Lacey LA., et al. “Insect pathogens as biological control agents: Do they have a future?” Biological control 21 (2001): 230-248.
  15. Lacey LA and MS Goettel. “Current developments in microbial control of insect pests and prospects for the early 21st century”. Entomophaga 40 (1995): 3-27.
  16. Shah PA and JK Pell. “Entomopathogenic fungi as biological control”. Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology 61 (2003): 413-423.
  17. Akbar SS., et al. “Compatibility of Metarhizium anisopliae with different insecticides and fungicides”. African Journal of Microbiology Research 6.17 (2012): 3956-3962.
  18. Asadi A., et al. “Genetic variation of the 20 bread wheat cultivar under chilling stress by using egg biplot analysis”. International Journal of Agronomy and Plant Production 4.4 (2013): 696-706
  19. Ujjan AA and S Shahzad. “Use of entomopathogenic fungi for the control of mustard aphid (Lipaphis erysimi) on canola (Brassica napusl.)”. Pakistan Journal of Botany 44.6 (2012): 2081-2086.
  20. Saranya S., et al. “Efficacy of different entomopathogenic fungi against cowpea aphid, aphis craccivora”. Journal of Biopesticides 3 (2010): 138-142.
  21. Jandricic SE., et al. “Pathogenicity of conidia-based preprations of entomopathogenic fungi against the green house pest aphids Myzus persicae, Aphis gossypii and Aulacorthum solani (Hemiptera: Aphididae)”. Journal of Invertebrate Pathology 118 (2014): 34-46.
  22. Mahdavi., et al. “Susceptibility of the Hymenopteran parasitoid, Habrobracon hebetor (Braconidae) to the entomopathogenic fungi Beauveria bassiana Vuillemin and Metarhizium anisopliae Sorokin”. Biological Control (2013): 17-20.
×

Citation

Citation: Hafiz Sultan Sulahudin., et al. “Tritrophic Effect of Metarhizium anisopliae on Wheat Aphids and its Parasitoids". Acta Scientific Agriculture 4.3 (2020): 01-05.



Member In




News and Events


  • Certification for Review
    Acta Scientific certifies the Editors/reviewers for their review done towards the assigned articles of the respective journals.
  • Submission Timeline for Upcoming Issue
    The last date for submission of articles for regular Issues is August 20, 2020.
  • Publication Certificate
    Authors will be issued a "Publication Certificate" as a mark of appreciation for publishing their work.
  • Best Article of the Issue
    The Editors will elect one Best Article after each issue release. The authors of this article will be provided with a certificate of “Best Article of the Issue”.
  • Welcoming Article Submission
    Acta Scientific delightfully welcomes active researchers for submission of articles towards the upcoming issue of respective journals.
  • Contact US