Geletaw Kebede* and Segenet alemu
College of Agriculture, Department of Horticulture, Wolaita Sodo University, Ethiopia
*Corresponding Author: Geletaw Kebede, College of Agriculture, Department of Horticulture, Wolaita Sodo University, Ethiopia.
Received: January 11, 2020; Published: February 19, 2020
Garlic (Allium sativum L.) is the second most important Allium species next to common onion. Garlic is widely recognized as an important cash crop in Ethiopia. It is one of the most important bulb vegetables, which is used as spice and flavoring agent for foods and as medicinal plant. Proper rate of fertilizer rate are very important factors to increase the productivity and marketability of garlic. It is successfully produced under rain fed as well as irrigated conditions in different climatic regions of the country for dry bulb by farmers and commercial growers in Ethiopia. It is widely sold in the local and export markets. The experiment was conducted, Wolaita during April – June in 2017. The experiment was laid out in Randomized Complete Block Design (RCBD) with three replications. Data were collected on growth parameters analyzed using SAS 9.1 computer software. The experiment consisted of four treatments. The treatments were four levels of NP 52.5: 46 kg/ha, 105: 92 kg/ha, 157: 92 kg/ha and 0: 0 kg/ha.
Application of different levels of NP fertilizer rates exhibited significant influence on the growth parameters of local garlic variety at 50 days after planting. The maximum plant height (44.14 cm) and leaf length (41.14 cm) were obtained at the application of 157:92 kg ha-1 N:P2O5 from the treatment (T3) whereas the maximum number of leaf per plant (6.36 cm) and the widest leaf width (1.67 cm) were obtained at the application of 105:92 kg ha-1 N:P2O5 from the treatment (T2) at 70 days after planting. From this study it can be concluded that different NP fertilizer rates at 70 days after planting can be used for maximum growth parameters of local garlic variety in the study area Wolaita Zone, Southern Ethiopia. In order to come up concrete recommendation the experiment should be further repeated in similar experiment up to yield.
Keywords: N,P Fertilizer Rate; Garlic; Growth Parameter
Citation: Geletaw Kebede and Segenet alemu. “Effects of Nitrogen and Phosphors Fertilization on Growth Performance of Garlic (Allium sativum L.) In Wolaita Zone, Ethiopia". Acta Scientific Agriculture 4.3 (2020): 01-11.
Copyright: © 2020 Geletaw Kebede and Segenet alemu. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.