Ahmad Shah Mohammadi1* and Mohammad Yosof Amini2
1Horticulture Department, Herat University, Afghanistan
2Plant Protection Department, Herat University, Afghanistan
*Corresponding Author: Ahmad Shah Mohammadi, Horticulture Department, Herat University, Afghanistan.
Received: December 02, 2019; Published: December 17, 2019
Tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill) belongs to Solanaceae family is one of the most important vegetables from nutritive as well as consumption point of view. Tomato is one of the most popular and widely grown vegetable crops in the world. Applying of fertilizers through fertigation can reduce fertilizer wasting and increased plant uptake nutrients. A greenhouse and open field experiments were conducted to know the influenced of different sources of fertilizers (NPK: Nitrogen, Phosphorus, Potasium) and levels of fertigation on yield and quality of tomato. The study consisted of two supplied through fertigation and soil application at three levels (100, 125 and 150 per cent recommended dose of fertilizers where recommended dose of fertilizers (RDF) is 250:250:250 Kg NPK ha-1) of nutrient. Application of 125% of water soluble fertilizers (18:18:18) with recommended dose of (250:250:250 Kg/ha) through fertigation decreased the number of days (31.33 days) taken for 50 per cent flowering, number of days taken (50.33 days) from first flower emergence to fruit maturity and increased number of inflorescence and flowers per inflorescence per plant (14.60 inflorescences and 53.20 flowers respectively). It also increased fruit setting percentage (88.44%), number of fruit per plant(75.13), fruit per m2 (300.53), mean weight of fruits per plant (346.12g), yield per plant (3.92 kg), yield per m2 (15.70 kg) and yield per hectare (159.30 t) respectively. It showed around 279.13 per cent increasing of yield per hectare under greenhouse condition compared to other control under open field condition.
Keywords: Tomato; Fertilizer; Fertigation; Yield; Quality
Citation: Ahmad Shah Mohammadi and Mohammad Yosof Amini. "Yield and Quality of Tomato Influenced by Different Sources of Fertilizers and Levels of Fertigation". Acta Scientific Medical Sciences 4.1 (2020): 81-89-68.
Copyright: © 2020 Ahmad Shah Mohammadi and Mohammad Yosof Amini. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.