Acta Scientific Agriculture (ISSN: 2581-365X)

Research Article Volume 4 Issue 1

Factors Affecting Adoption of Indigenous Strategies for Climate Change Adaptation in Imo State, Nigeria (A Survey Using Systematic Sampling of Households in Orlu Local Government Area)

Ahaotu EO1* and Akagha NU2

1Department of Animal Production Technology, Imo State Polytechnic Umuagwo, Nigeria
2Department of Agricultural Technology, Imo State Polytechnic Umuagwo, Nigeria

*Corresponding Author: Ahaotu EO, Department of Animal Production Technology, Imo State Polytechnic Umuagwo, Nigeria.

Received: November 22, 2019; Published: December 10, 2019



  This study aims to find out the indigenous people’s experiences on climate change impacts in Imo State, Nigeria and identify their adaptation strategies. It also envisaged establishing the factors affecting adoption of indigenous climate change adaptation strategies in Nigeria. The study will help in proper targeting of adaptation measures among indigenous communities in Nigeria and avoid past trends where by measures have often failed. The study used descriptive statistics to analyze the data collected. The study found out that indigenous people experienced a serious reduction in rainfall amounts and changes in rainfall patterns. There have been increases in temperature, wind strengths and length of dry periods. These have had various negative impacts on their livelihoods. The study established that perception of climate change has a significant positive relationship with adoption of indigenous adaptation strategies. Socio-economic factors of age, local experience, income level, income diversity and land size were found to have positive significant relationships while education and household dependency had a negative significant relationship with adoption. House hold size and gender had no significant relationship. Institutional factors such as information access, market access, credit access, participation and membership to social networks were found to have a positive significant relationship with adoption of indigenous climate change adaptation strategies. Individualization of land tenure was also found to negatively affect adoption. Access to extension service had a significant negative relationship with adoption. This study recommended the need to orient climate change adaptation measures on indigenous people’s perceptions and strategies taking cognizance of their underlying factors. Prior assessments before undertaking adaptation actions are thus recommended.

Keywords: Indigenous Climate Change; Length of Dry Periods; Household Size and Gender



  1. Anyona N. “Socioeconomic factors influencing climate change adaptation among crop farmers in Umuahia South area of Abia State, Nigeria”. Net Journal of Agricultural Science2 (2013): 42-47.
  2. Torrens F., et al. “Heat Stress as a Source of Infertility in Cattle Production”. Acta Scientific Agriculture 3 (2019): 155-159.
  3. Esiobu N. “Economics of pineapple marketing in Owerri municipal council area, Imo state, Nigeria”. International Journal of Applied Research and Technology 3 (2014): 3-12.
  4. Smit B and Wandell J. “Adaptation, adaptive capacity and vulnerability”. Global Environmental Change 16 (2006): 282-292.
  5. Ofouku A and Emueke E. “Determinants of adaptation to climate change among arable crop farmers in Edo state, Nigeria and its implications for extension service”. Journal for Advanced Biological Research2 (2012): 220-227.
  6. Teso G. “Economic analysis of local level perception, adaptation and coping strategies to climate change induced shocks in North Shewa, Ethiopia”. International Research Journal of Agricultural Science and Soil Science8 (2012): 347-363.
  7. Smucker T and Wisner B. “Changing household responses to drought in Tharaka, Kenya: Vulnerability, persistence and challenge”. Disasters 32 (2008): 190-215.
  8. Robinson J and Herbert D. “Integrating climate change and sustainable development”. International Journal of Global Environmental Issues 1 (2011): 130-148.
  9. Esiobu N and Onubougu G. “Trends, perceptions and adaptation options of arable crop farmers to climate change in Imo state Nigeria: Multinomial logit model approach”. Scholarly Journal of Agricultural Science 4 (2014): 370-385.
  10. Iheke D and Oliver-Abali V. “Farm size, climate variability and arable crop production in Abia state, Nigeria”. International Journal for Sustainable Agriculture2 (2011): 58-64.
  11. Deressa T. “Determinants of farmer’s choice of adaptation methods to climate change effects in the Nile basin of Ethiopia”. Global Environmental Change 19 (2009) 248-255.
  12. Ahaotu EO., et al. “Seasonal Fluctuations in Poultry Production System - A Review”. Journal of Poultry Science and Technology 7 (2019): 1-8.
  13. Okonkwo S and Ahaotu EO. “Management of Laying Birds in Deep Litter and Battery Cage Systems In Orlu Local Government Area of Imo State, Nigeria: A Comparative Study”. Journal of Agricultural, Biological and Environmental Sciences 6 (2019): 20-27.
  14. Apata T. “Factors influencing the perception and choice of adaptation measures to climate change among farmers in Nigeria: Evidence from farm households in South West Nigeria”. Environmental Economics 2 (2011).
  15. Ziegler A. “Recognizing contemporary roles of Swidden agriculture in transforming landscapes of South East Asia”. Conservation Biology4 (2011): 846-848.
  16. Nkwocha GA., et al. “Climate change and small holder livestock dimension in Nigeria”. 7th All Africa Conference on Animal Agriculture, Accra International Conference Center Accra, Ghana 29th July to 2nd August (2019): 112-113.
  17. Etwire P. “Small holder farmer’s adoption of technologies for adaptation to climate change in Northern Ghana”. Journal of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development9 (2013): 121-129.
  18. Aymone G. “Understanding farmer’s perceptions and adaptation to climate change and variability: The case study of the Limpompo basin, South Africa”. IFPRI discussion paper 00849. Washington. D.C (2009).
  19. Assan N. “Possible impacts and adaptation to climate change in livestock production in Southern Africa”. IOSR Journal of Environmental Science, Toxicology and Food Technology2 (2014): 104-112.
  20. Rarieya M and Fortun K. “Food security and seasonal climate information: Kenyan Challenges”. Sustainable Sciences 5 (2010): 99-114.
  21. Onubougu G. “Enterprise type, size and allocated efficiency of broiler production in Imo state, Nigeria”. International Journal of Applied Research Technology 2 (2013): 10-19.
  22. Zievogel G and Zermoglio F. “Climate change scenarios and the development of adaptation strategies in Africa: Challenges and opportunities”. Climate Research 40 (2009): 133-146.
  23. Ford J. “Vulnerability to climate change in the Arctic: A case study from Arctic bay, Canada”. Global Environmental Change 15 (2006) 199-213.
  24. Uddin M. “Factors affecting farmer’s adaptation to environmental degradation and climate change effects: A farm level study in Bangladesh”. Climate 2 (2014): 223-241.


Citation: Ahaotu EO and Akagha NU. “Factors Affecting Adoption of Indigenous Strategies for Climate Change Adaptation in Imo State, Nigeria (A Survey Using Systematic Sampling of Households in Orlu Local Government Area)".Acta Scientific Agriculture 4.1 (2020): 49-55.


Acceptance rate32%
Acceptance to publication20-30 days
Impact Factor1.014

Indexed In

News and Events

  • Certification for Review
    Acta Scientific certifies the Editors/reviewers for their review done towards the assigned articles of the respective journals.
  • Submission Timeline for Upcoming Issue
    The last date for submission of articles for regular Issues is May 30, 2024.
  • Publication Certificate
    Authors will be issued a "Publication Certificate" as a mark of appreciation for publishing their work.
  • Best Article of the Issue
    The Editors will elect one Best Article after each issue release. The authors of this article will be provided with a certificate of "Best Article of the Issue"
  • Welcoming Article Submission
    Acta Scientific delightfully welcomes active researchers for submission of articles towards the upcoming issue of respective journals.

Contact US