Serkan Gürlük1* and Ozlem Turan2
1Professor, Department of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural Faculty, Uludağ University, Turkey
2Research Assistant, Department of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural Faculty, Uludağ University, Turkey
*Corresponding Author: Serkan Gürlük, Professor, Department of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural Faculty, Uludağ University, Turkey.
Received: July 20, 2018; Published: August 22, 2018
Citation: Serkan Gürlük and Ozlem Turan. ““Is the Only Solution Organic Farming System?". Acta Scientific Agriculture 2.9 (2018).
Organic farming is a type of school of thought in the spectrum of sustainable agricultural systems. It is considered a good alternative to conventional agriculture that covers an area of about 38% of Earth land amount. Conventional farm is accused of being unsustainable. Organic farming is a good alternative in order to provide sustainability and efficient resource use . Yet, its production is not robust enough to play a significant role in feeding the world which has 793 million undernourished people. Consequently, organic farming system is beneficial for natural resources and environment, at first, but food security problems of mankind may be endangered by expanding organic fields. It relies on more land to produce the same amount of food as conventional agriculture. Crop yield averages are 8 to 25 % lower in organic farming systems . If it is true, the organic farming system will be threatening our world in near future because growing population is expected to reach 9 to 10 billion people by 2050. Critical forest areas and wetlands can be converted to agricultural land to remain at the same production level. Apart from the productivity debates of organic farming, the sharability issues are remarkable. Increasing demand to organic foods in Europe and North America has caused imports from developing world to developed world . Local producers of developing countries cannot approach to this new world crops because of its premium prices. If the social equity issues are left to one side, you may contribute to the fact that organic products are produced by the poor and they are consumed by the rich.
Copyright: © 2018 Serkan Gürlük and Ozlem Turan. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.