Acta Scientific Agriculture

Research ArticleVolume 2 Issue 6

Study on Chemical Composition, Digestibility and Ruminal Degradation Parameters of Siris Leaves, Flowers and Pods in One-Humped Camel

Tahereh Mohammadabadi1*, Morteza Chaji1, Zeinab Uosefi1 and Reza Tahmasbi2

1Department of Animal Science, Khuzestan Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources University, Iran
2Department of Animal Science, Shahid Bahonar University of Kerman, Iran

*Corresponding Author: Tahereh Mohammadabadi, Department of Animal Science, Khuzestan Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources University, Iran.

Received: January 19, 2018; Published: May 28, 2018

Citation: Tahereh Mohammadabadi., et al. “Study on Chemical Composition, Digestibility and Ruminal Degradation Parameters of Siris Leaves, Flowers and Pods in One-Humped Camel". Acta Scientific Agriculture 2.6 (2018).

Abstract

  The aim of this experiment was to determine the chemical composition, digestibility, fermentation and ruminal degradation pa- rameters of siris (Albizia lebbeck) leaves, flowers and pods by total microorganisms or fungi + protozoa mixture in one-humped camel. Chemical composition of samples was measured and gas production technique and in situ method were used for determination of fermentation and rumen degradation parameters, respectively. The result showed the CP values of siris flowers were the greatest whenever NDF, ADF and ether extract of pods were more than leaves and flowers (p < 0.05). The gas production potential of siris leaves, flowers and pods by the total microorganisms of camel rumen were 48.1, 22.2 and 51.2 ml, respectively (p > 0.05). The lowest gas production potential by fungi + protozoa mixture was recorded for leaves (p < 0.05). The difference in gas production rate of the leaves, flowers and pods by total microorganisms, and fungi + protozoa after 96 h incubation was not significant (p > 0.05). There was no significant difference among siris leaves, flowers and pods for the partitioning factor, microbial biomass and biomass efficiency by total microorganisms and fungi + protozoa mixture. The rapidly degradable fraction in flowers and pods were different from that in leaves, with siris flowers having the highest rapidly degradable fraction (p < 0.05). Potential and effective degradability of siris flowers were higher as compared to leaves and pods (p < 0.05). The slowly degradable fraction in pods was lower than in leaves and flowers (p < 0.05). Therefore, according to proper rumen degradation and fermentation; siris leaves, flowers and pods especially flower can be used in one-humped camel nutrition to improve rumen degradation processes, effectively.

Keywords: Camel; Gas Production; Chemical Composition; Rumen; Degradation; Siris

Copyright: © 2018 Tahereh Mohammadabadi., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.



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