Acta Scientific Agriculture

Research ArticleVolume 2 Issue 6

New Approach for Adsorptive Removal of Oil in Wastewater using Textile Fibers as Alternative Adsorbent

Mohamed Sulyman1*, Maciej Sienkiewicz1, Jozef Haponiuk1, Gawade Rakshanda2 and Sebastian Zalewski2

1Department of Polymer Technology, Faculty of Chemistry, Gdansk University of Technology, Poland
2SEZA LABS/Sebastian Zalewski, Gdansk, Poland

*Corresponding Author: S Mohamed Sulyman, Department of Polymer Technology, Faculty of Chemistry, Gdansk University of Technology, Poland.

Received: April 06, 2018; Published: May 21, 2018

Citation: Mohamed Sulyman., et al. “New Approach for Adsorptive Removal of Oil in Wastewater using Textile Fibers as Alternative Adsorbent". Acta Scientific Agriculture 2.6 (2018).

Abstract

  Nowadays, removing of petroleum and nonpetroleum spills using low cost adsorbent materials is one of the important challenge all over the world. In this work, recycled textile fiber (TF) obtained from used tires has been used as a low cost static adsorbent for the treatment of water pollution by petroleum and non-petroleum oil. The effect of important parameters which are affecting on the removal efficiency these pollution from waste water including fiber mass, removal time, and temperature were investigated. The maximum yield removal of water pollutions by TF at room temperature were found to be 95.2% for fatty oil and 91.0% for crude oil. While, the maximum capacity and removal percentage yield removal of water pollutions by TF at room temperature were found to be 4.40 g/g and 95.2% for cooking oil and 4.20 g/g and 91.0% for crude oil respectively. The evaluation of adsorbent efficiency for only oil uptake which named “dry system” was also studied. The maximum adsorption capacity was found to be about 17 g/g for used cooking oil, and 14.4 g/g for crude oil which reached within 24 hr. Influence of compressed textile fiber from waste tires for the removal efficiency of oil from water-oil system was also studied. The compressed TF showed lower adsorption capacity than normal fibers (uncompressed) which found to be about 1.04 g/g. But the obtained results showed that the compressed TF can be successfully used for the storage and transport of recovered oil and the adsorbed oil not leaches out at room temperature for long time and it's easier to handle.

Keywords: Adsorption; Crude Oil; Cooking Oil; Oil Spill; Static System; Textile Fiber; Water Pollution

Copyright: © 2018 Sawaiker Ranjita., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.



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