Anuj Tripathi* and Jose Savio Melo
Nuclear Agriculture and Biotechnology Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Mumbai, India
*Corresponding Author: Anuj Tripathi, Nuclear Agriculture and Biotechnology Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Mumbai, India.
Received: March 23, 2018; Published: April 30, 2018
Citation: Anuj Tripathi and Jose Savio Melo. “Biochars for Carbon Sequestration and Soil Health Augmentation". Acta Scientific Agriculture 2.5 (2018).
Biochar application in the soil is preliminary deemed as an inexpensive mode of sequestration of soil organic carbon (SOC) and concurrently boost soil health and soil fertility with other sustainable agronomic advantages. The focus of this article is on current research and developments on biochar application to soil for advancements, challenges and solutions.
Rising of environmental problems associated with combustion of fossil fuel, its exhaustion and increasing oil price are required an alternative energy resource. In recent years, thermo-chemical decomposition of biomass is attracting for generating fuel. During the process of carbonization of biomass, gas (syngas) and liquid (bio-oil) products are generated and regarded as alternate fuel to fossil fuels. The third byproduct generates as a byproduct during smoldering of biomass is biochar, which is a carbon rich stable solid charcoal. A word ‘biochar’ was introduced in 1990’s which inspired by combining the 3 initial characters of two words i.e. biomass and charcoal and also entered in Oxford English dictionary.
Copyright: © 2018 Anuj Tripathi and Jose Savio Melo. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.