S Jeevananda Reddy*
Formerly Chief Technical Advisor – WMO/UN and Expert – FAO/UN and Fellow, Telangana Academy Sciences and Convenor, Forum for a Sustainable Environment, Hyderabad, Telangana, India
*Corresponding Author: S Jeevananda Reddy, Formerly Chief Technical Advisor – WMO/UN and Expert – FAO/UN and Fellow, Telangana Academy Sciences and Convenor, Forum for a Sustainable Environment, Hyderabad, Telangana, India.
Received: October 03, 2017; Published: October 20, 2017
Citation: S Jeevananda Reddy. “Role of Pollution and Climate Change in Food and Nutrition Security”. Acta Scientific Agriculture 2.1 (2018).
Production and distribution are the two major components for the Food and nutrition security [FNS]. Successful distribution relates to the governance. In the case of production aspects, internationally FNS is linked to climate change by taking Climate change as de-facto global warming. Climate change is a vast subject that varies with space and time in terms of meteorological parameters. Pollution [air, water, soil and food] is the hall mark of development, a major culprit for hindering nutrition security in which water is the main player. Also water is the main player in agriculture. Therefore, understanding of (1) climate change issues, (2) water resources availability issues, (3) pollution menace issues and (4) agriculture production related issues at local and regional levels play the pivotal role in achieving FNS. Under these scenarios, to achieve sustainable FNS in India, governments must put thrust on studies to characterize agro-climate and sustainable water resources availability at local and regional scales. Also, in warm tropical country like India, controlling pollution is more important over Paris agreement on controlling CO2 emissions wherein CO2 is not a pollutant. Present day mono-crop system of agriculture must be replaced by multi-crop system that includes animal husbandry as a component of farming systems. To achieve food security, food production is not sufficient but governments must see the wastage is at a minimum. Governments must implement all facets of FNS Act of 2013 by giving priority to locally produced food items. Governments must discourage producing and distributing to needy the food items that are contaminated by pollution and food items adulterated by greedy wherein they counter the objective of FNS.
Keywords: Pollution; Climate Change; Food and Nutrition Security
Copyright: © 2018 S Jeevananda Reddy. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.