Shaik Nikhat Reena1* and Bindu Lakshmanan2
11MVSc Scholar, Veterinary Parasitology, College of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Mannuthy, Kerala Veterinary and Animal Sciences University, Pookode, Wayanad, India
2Professor and Head, Veterinary Parasitology, College of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Mannuthy, Kerala Veterinary and Animal Sciences University, Pookode, Wayanad, India
*Corresponding Author: Shaik Nikhat Reena, MVSc Scholar, Veterinary Parasitology, College of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Mannuthy, Kerala Veterinary and Animal Sciences University, Pookode, Wayanad, India.
Received: February 27, 2023; Published: March 25, 2023
Ticks are haematophagous ectoparasites that feed on a wide range of vertebrate hosts. Risks posed due to tick infestations are alarming as the ticks attack in great numbers onto a single host leading to cascade of skin disorders such as focal dermal necrosis, haemorrhage and irritation. Besides, anaemia due to their blood sucking behaviour and the transmission of life-threatening diseases in humans and animals owing to their vectorial capacity also justifies the research investment to control ticks. Due to the invasion of forest regions, the spread of tick-borne zoonotic diseases has increased. Use of acaricides is the most common method employed for the control of ticks, which not only causes environmental contamination but also leads to development of acaricidal resistance. Till date many control measures have been tried and tested against these agents that have their own merits and demerits. To design a sustainable tick control strategy, knowledge on tick biology and the different control measures that were devised to control ticks are of utmost importance. This review sheds some light on the tick biology, tick borne diseases and the different control measures devised so far.
Keywords: Tick Biology; Tick Borne Zoonosis; Anti-Tick Vaccines; Semiochemical; Phytoacaricides; Anti-Tick Microbiota Vaccines
Citation: Shaik Nikhat Reena and Bindu Lakshmanan. “Ticks and Tick-Borne Diseases: Multiple Facets of Tick Control". Acta Scientific Veterinary Sciences 5.4 (2023): 85-94.
Copyright: © 2023 Shaik Nikhat Reena and Bindu Lakshmanan. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.