Acta Scientific Veterinary Sciences (ISSN: 2582-3183)

Mini Review Volume 4 Issue 4

Imaging Techniques in the Diagnosis of Gastric Problems in Special Context to Gastritis: Mini Review

Hamid Shah1*, Burhan Nabi2, Sanober Rasool3 and Peerzada Rouf Ahmed4

1Crown Vet Hospital, Lajpat Nagar, Delhi, India
2Division of Veterinary Medicine, Faculty of Veterinary Sciences and Animal Husbandry, Sher-e-Kashmir University of Agricultural Sciences and Technology, Jammu, India
3Division of Veterinary and Animal Husbandry Extension, Faculty of Veterinary Sciences and Animal Husbandry, Sher-i-Kashmir University of Agricultural Sciences and Technology, Kashmir, India
4Division of Veterinary Public Health and Epidemiology, Faculty of Veterinary Sciences and Animal Husbandry, Sher-e-Kashmir University of Agricultural Sciences and Technology, Jammu, India

*Corresponding Author: Hamid Shah, Crown Vet Hospital, Lajpat Nagar, Delhi, India.

Received: February 14, 2022; Published: March 11, 2022


Gastric mucosal injury is very common in veterinary patients because of injudicious use of drugs which can hamper the normal mucosal defense mechanism, among such injuries gastritis is a common issue encountered in routine small animal practice. Over centuries several approaches have been used to diagnose the gastric disorders and among those radiography imaging techniques are supporting diagnostic steps which are needed to determine diagnosis towards a case. So this paper gives a brief importance of those imaging techniques in various gastric problems especially gastritis and associated limitations.

Keywords: Diagnostic; Gastritis; Injudicious; Mucosal; Radiography


  1. Agthe Petra. "Imaging diagnosis of gastrointestinal foreign bodies in dogs and cats: Part 2”. UK Vet Companion Animal5 (2011): 19-25.
  2. Banerjee Rupa and D Nageshwar Reddy. "Advances in endoscopic imaging: Advantages and limitations”. Journal of Digestive EndoscopyS 05 (2012): 007-012.
  3. Boysen Soren R., et al. “Ultrasonographic findings in dogs and cats with gastrointestinal perforation”. Veterinary Radiology and Ultrasound5 (2003): 556-564.
  4. Elser Emily B., et al. “Serial abdominal radiographs do not significantly increase accuracy of diagnosis of gastrointestinal mechanical obstruction due to occult foreign bodies in dogs and cats”. Veterinary Radiology and Ultrasound4 (2020): 399-408.
  5. Gomaa, Mohamed., et al. “Ultrasonographic findings of most common surgical disorders of gastrointestinal tract in dogs and cats”. Iranian Journal of Veterinary Surgery1-2 (2012): 23-38.
  6. Grooters AM., et al. “Sonographic appearance of uremic gastropathy in four dogs”. Veterinary Radiology and Ultrasound1 (1994): 35-40.
  7. Guarino Alfredo. "Foreword: ESPGHAN/ESPID evidence-based guidelines for the management of acute gastroenteritis in children in Europe”. Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition46 (2008): 7-8.
  8. Hall Ed. "Endoscopy of the gastrointestinal tract in dogs and cats”. In Practice4 (2015): 155-168.
  9. Han Eveline. "Diagnosis and management of reflux esophagitis”. Clinical Techniques in Small Animal Practice4 (2003): 231-238.
  10. Jaikumar Vishnu Sunil., et al. “Radiography: a tool for the diagnosis of gastrointestinal affections in chronic vomiting dogs”. Indian Journal of Canine Practice1 (2013): 181.
  11. Kleine Lawrence J. "Radiologic examination of the esophagus in dogs and cats”. The Veterinary Clinics of North America4 (1974): 663-686.
  12. Kleine Lawrence J and Christopher R Lamb. "Comparative organ imaging: the gastrointestinal tract”. Veterinary Radiology3 (1989): 133-141.
  13. Leib MS. “Chronic vomiting in dogs and cats: The roles of ultrasonography in diagnosis and Helicobacter in treatment. In: Consultations in Feline Internal Medicine”. August, J. R (ed.) Philadelphia, W. B. Saunders Company (2005): 403-407.
  14. Leib MS., et al. “Diagnostic utility of abdominal ultrasonography in dogs with chronic vomiting”. Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine4 (2010): 803-808.
  15. Malancus RN and CM Malancus. "Assessment of ultrasonographic and endoscopic changes in dogs with gastrointestinale disorders”. Arquivo Brasileiro De Medicina Veterinaria E Zootecnia 69 (2017): 1451-1455.
  16. Noviana Deni., et al. “Diagnostic imaging and endoscopy of the schnauzer dog with upper gastrointestinal tract disorders”. Jurnal Kedokteran Hewan-Indonesian Journal of Veterinary Sciences1 (2017): 1-5.
  17. Pal Madan., et al. “A comparative study of two-dimensional and three-dimensional ultrasonography in evaluation of gastric affections in dogs”. Veterinary World6 (2015): 707.
  18. Parrah JD., et al. “Gastric ulceration in dog: A review”. Veterinary World7 (2013): 449-454.
  19. Rugge Massimo., et al. “Gastritis: the histology report”. Digestive and Liver Disease 43 (2011): S373-S384.
  20. Sale Charles SH and John M Williams. "Results of transthoracic esophagotomy retrieval of esophageal foreign body obstructions in dogs: 14 cases (2000-2004)”. Journal of the American Animal Hospital Association6 (2006): 450-456.
  21. Shaheen M., et al. “Clinical, endoscopic and therapeutic studies on canine gastritis”. Intas Polivet2 (2010): 293-296.
  22. Smithuis RH and JO Op den Orth. "Gastric fluid detected by sonography in fasting patients: relation to duodenal ulcer disease and gastric-outlet obstruction”. American Journal of Roentgenology4 (1989): 731-733.
  23. Spillmann Thomas. "Esophageal diseases: diagnostic and therapeutic approach”. World Small Animal Veterinary Association Congress (2007).
  24. Tams TR. "A diagnostic approach to vomiting in dogs and cats”. Veterinary Medicine (USA) 87.8 (1992): 785-793.
  25. Terragni R., et al. “Diagnostic imaging and endoscopic finding in dogs and cats with gastric tumors: a review”. Schweizer Archiv für Tierheilkunde 12 (2014): 569-576.
  26. Vaughn Denty P., et al. “Canine giant hypertrophic gastritis treated successfully with partial gastrectomy”. Journal of the American Animal Hospital Association1 (2014): 62-66.


Citation: Hamid Shah., et al. “Imaging Techniques in the Diagnosis of Gastric Problems in Special Context to Gastritis: Mini Review”Acta Scientific Veterinary Sciences 4.4 (2022): 39-42.


Copyright: © 2022 Hamid Shah., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.


Acceptance rate35%
Acceptance to publication20-30 days
Impact Factor1.008

Indexed In

News and Events

  • Certification for Review
    Acta Scientific certifies the Editors/reviewers for their review done towards the assigned articles of the respective journals.
  • Submission Timeline for Upcoming Issue
    The last date for submission of articles for regular Issues is April 15, 2023.
  • Publication Certificate
    Authors will be issued a "Publication Certificate" as a mark of appreciation for publishing their work.
  • Best Article of the Issue
    The Editors will elect one Best Article after each issue release. The authors of this article will be provided with a certificate of “Best Article of the Issue”.
  • Welcoming Article Submission
    Acta Scientific delightfully welcomes active researchers for submission of articles towards the upcoming issue of respective journals.
  • Contact US