Acta Scientific Veterinary Sciences (ISSN: 2582-3183)

Research Article Volume 3 Issue 7

Assessment of Welfare Status of Working Equids of Kathmandu Valley and Chitwan District Using Health and Behavioral Parameters

Surya Prasad Dahal1*, Krishna Kaphle2 and Ankita Shrestha1

1Institute of Agriculture and Animal Sciences, TU, Rampur, Chitwan, Nepal
2Associate Professor, Department of Theriogenology and Clinical Obstetrics, IAAS, TU, Nepal

*Corresponding Author: Surya Prasad Dahal, Institute of Agriculture and Animal Sciences, Rampur, Chitwan, Nepal.

Received: May 12, 2021; Published: June 05, 2021


Horses, donkeys, and mules are the most reliable and commonest method of means of transportation serving as an integral part of most underdeveloped and developing countries of the world. They are known as the economy booster for the marginalized people mainly among poor, backward, and marginal peoples of various countries in Asia, Africa, and Latin America. Nepal is also among the country in which equines contributes greatly for increasing and improving the livelihood of remote people of Hilly, Himalayan and Terai region for the people who earn less than a dollar per day. It is estimated that there are 112 million working equines among these developing countries that benefit 3.5 to 13 million people worldwide. The number of working equine population counts more than a lakh in Nepal. Kathmandu holds more than 1500 working equines at various 125 brick kilns and the Lalitpur district alone holds more than 650 working equids in brick kilns. 85% of donkeys outside the capital valley have open wounds in their body due to excessive workloads. It is estimated that only 3 - 5% of working equines are at the reach of veterinary specialists all along with Nepal. Guidelines notes to accompany working equine welfare assessment developed by Bristol University were followed to conduct the welfare status of the equine. A total of 175 equines were accessed by a single observer at various six sites of three districts of Nepal. The study revealed that working equids in Nepal especially for carriage and at brick kilns are far below in terms of welfare, health and behavior standards. Unequipped and miserable shelters, low-level diet, lack of appropriate care, excessive workload, uneducated owners, lack of health services were common with working equines whereas, the equines owned by Nepal Army had a fair high-level welfare standard as recommended by OIE.

Keywords: Working Equids; Health; Welfare; Equine Standards; Nepal


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Citation: Surya Prasad Dahal., et al. “Assessment of Welfare Status of Working Equids of Kathmandu Valley and Chitwan District Using Health and Behavioral Parameters". Acta Scientific Veterinary Sciences 3.7 (2021): 02-08.


Copyright: © 2021 Surya Prasad Dahal., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.


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