Comprehensive Study of Biological, Phytochemical and Pharmacological Characteristics of Hippophae rhamnoides L. (Seabuck Thorn)
Akshay Adlinge1, Mahesh Gawade2*, Vishal Lipane3 and Manisha Zaware3
1Department of Pharmaceutics, HSBPVT, GOI, College of Pharmacy, Kashti, India
2Department of Pharmacognosy, HSBPVT, GOI, College of Pharmacy, Kashti, India
3Department of Pharmacology, HSBPVT, GOI, College of Pharmacy, Kashti, India
*Corresponding Author: Mahesh Gawade, Department of Pharmacognosy, HSBPVT, GOI, College of Pharmacy, Kashti, India.
May 08, 2023; Published: June 26, 2023
Researchers and producers are interested in the sea buckthorn's potential in the human food sector. The primary highlights of the current review include sea buckthorn's phytochemistry, nutrients, health advantages, and food applications. In general, sea buckthorn is a dietary source of bioactive components that has the potential to be transformed into functional foods or dietary supplements for the prevention and treatment of several chronic disorders. Due to its toughness, abundance of nutritional active ingredients, and biological activity, sea buckthorn (Hippophae rhamnoides L.), an ancient miraculous plant, is of significant interest. A tree or shrub of the genus Hippophae of the family Elaeagnaceae, sea buckthorn is deciduous. It is a pioneering tree species for preserving soil and water, controlling wind and sand, and improving soil. Numerous nutrients, including vitamins, carotenoids, polyphenols, fatty acids, and phytosterols, are included in sea buckthorn. Sea buckthorn also provides numerous health advantages, including anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, anti-cancer, anti-hyperlipidemic, anti-obesity, dermatological, neuroprotective, and hepatoprotective properties. Sea buckthorn is a promising commercial plant in addition to having excellent medical and therapeutic potential.
Keywords: Hippophae rhamnoides L.; Sea Buckthorn; Anti-inflammatory
- S O M J E R K Andersson. “Carotenoids in sea buckthorn (Hippophae rhamnoides) berries during ripening and use of pheo phytin a as a maturity marker”. Journal of Agriculture and Food Chemistry (2009): 250-258.
- P A J Agrawala. “Modulation of radiation-induced cytotoxicity in U 87 cells by RH-3 (a preparation of Hippophae rhamnoides)”. Indian Journal of Medical Research (2009): 542-549.
- T R Z Bakonyi. “High altitude and free radicals”. Journal of Sports Science and Medicine (2004): 64-69.
- J J N N H S U Bartish. “Phylogeny of Hippophae (Elaeagnaceae) inferred from parsimony analysis of chloroplast DNA and morphology”. System Botany (2002): 41-54.
- L S S S Bal. “Sea buckthornberries: apotential source of valuable nutrients for neutraceuticals and cosmoceuticals”. Food Research International (2011): 1718-1727.
- M P R J P P K A C S R Basu. “Anti-atherogenic effects of Sea buckthorn (Hippophae rhamnoides) seed oil”. Phytomedicine (2007): 770-777.
- J F D Bernath. “Sea-buckthorn (Hippophae rhamnoides): a promising new medicinal and food crop”. Journal of Herbs Spices Medicinal Plants (1992): 27-35.
- Y Zubarev. “Commercial cultivation of Seabuckthorn in Western Siberia, Russia”. New Delhi, Daya Publishing House (2008): 49-60.
- T L T O B Beveridge. “Sea buckthorn products: manufacture and composition”. Journal of Agriculture and Food Chemistry (1999): 3480-3488.
- “Man and Biologically Active Substances”. Pergamon Press, Oxford., (1980).
- N P R Chauhan. “Antioxidant and antibacterial activities of aqueous extract of Sea buckthorn (Hippophae rhamnoides) seeds”. Fitoterapia (2007): 590-592.
- R A R S S S R S RK R S A Chawla. “Radioprotective and antioxidant activity of fractionated extracts of berries of Hippophae rhamnoides”. Journal of Medicinal Food (2007): 101-109.
- X Z L X Wang K. “Bioactive compounds, health benefits and functional food products of sea buckthorn: a review”. Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition (2021).
- G X L X W C L M Ji M. “Advanced research on the antioxidant activity and mechanism of polyphenols from hippophae species—a review”. Molecules (2020).
- W A R M O J GT Teleszko M. “Analysis of Lipophilic and Hydrophilic bioactive compounds content in sea buckthorn (Hippophaë rhamnoides) berries”. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry (2015).
- B H M A A V Kuhkheil A. “Chemical constituents of sea buckthorn (Hippophae rhamnoides) fruit in populations of central alborz mountains in Iran”. Research Journal of Pharmacognosy (2017).
- R A. “The genus Hippophaë L. A taxonomic study”. Annales Botanici Fennici (1971) 177-227.
- HT Liu S. “The genus hippophae from qing-zang plateau”. Journal of Systematics and Evolution (1978): 106-108.
- J. “Main achievements of systematic planting and development of seabuckthorn in china in past 35 years (1985˜2020)”. International Journal of Ecology (2021).
- M G F D R C J I Ficzek G. “Analysis of bioactive compounds of three sea buckthorn cultivars (Hippophaë rhamnoides ‘askola’, ‘leikora’, and ‘orangeveja’) with HPLC and spectrophotometric methods”. European Journal of Horticultural Science (2019).
- S S A H L AS H A Arif S. “Determination of optimum harvesting time for vitamin C, oil and mineral elements in berries sea buckthorn (Hippophae rhamnoides)”. Pakistan Journal of Botany (2010): 3561-3568.
- J H P K K S K J K J Lee Y. “Phytochemical analysis of the fruits of sea buckthorn (Hippophae rhamnoides): identification of organic acid derivatives”. Plants (2021).
- M V N S S S Bal L. “Sea buckthorn berries: a potential source of valuable nutrients for nutraceuticals and cosmoceuticals”. Food Research International (2011): 1718-1727.
- M K Y K M O T Odgerel U. “Effect of micro wet milling process on particle sizes, antioxidants, organic acids, and specific phenolic compounds of whole sea buckthorn (Hippophae rhamnoides) juices”. Journal of Food Processing and Preservation (2021): 1-14.
- Z J M J JT D Q S J Tan L. “Analysis of nutritional compositions and nutritional quality evaluation in different parts of yushu hippophae (Hippophae rhamnoides subsp. sinensis)”. Natural Product Research and Development (2018): 807-816.
- N M C S R M S M Zadernowski R. “Composition of phenolic acids in sea buckthorn (Hippophae rhamnoides) berries”. Journal of the American Oil Chemists' Society (2005): 175-179.
- M M C K K F T B Ciesarová Z. “Why is sea buckthorn (Hippophae rhamnoides) so exceptional? A review”. Food Research International (2020).
- G X L T F X L R Guo R. “Comparative assessment of phytochemical profiles, antioxidant and antiproliferative activities of Sea buckthorn (Hippophae rhamnoides) berries”. Food Chemistry (2016): 997-1003.
- B Olas B. “Sea buckthorn as a source of important bioactive compounds in cardiovascular diseases”. Food and Chemical Toxicology (2016).
- S D S S G Tanwar H. “Anti-inflammatory activity of the functional groups present in Hippophae rhamnoides (seabuckthorn) leaf extract”. Inflammopharmacology (2018).
- WCRF/AICR. “Nutrition and the Prevention of Cancer: A Global Perspective”. World Cancer Research Fund / American Institute for Cancer Research (1997).
- W P B Z Z W Xiao Z. “The inhibitory effect of total flavonoids of Hippophae on the activation of NFkappa $ by stretching cultured cardiac myocytes”. Medical Journal (2003): 283-285.
- X Mingyu. “Anticancer effects of and direction of research on Hippophae”. Hippophae (1994): 41-43.
- Y Let. “Effects of Hippophae rhamnoides juice on mmunologic and antitumor functions”. Acta Pharmacologica Sinica (1993): 280-283.
- “A clinical study of reducing fat and anti-oxidation of dried Hippophae emulsion”. Hippophae (1995): 33-35.
- B Y Y D B W J W H K Xing J. “Effects of sea buckthorn (Hippophaë rhamnoides L.) seed and pulp oils on experimental models of gastric ulcer in rats”. Fitoterapia (2002): 644-650.
- H K Yang B. “Supercritical Co-extracted sea buckthorn (Hippophaë rhamnoides) oils as new food ingredients for cardiovascular health”. Health Proc Europe Association (2002): 17.
- Z Y. “Study on the effect of Hippophaeseed oil against gastric ulcer”. The Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences (1998).
- L D M B M Suleyman H. “Antiulcerogenic effect of Hippophae rhamnoides L”. Phytotherapy Research (2001): 625-627.
- X G F C F J Ze-Li Gao. “Effect of sea buckthorn on liver fibrosis: a clinical study”. World Journal of Gastroenterology (2003): 1615-1617.
- C T. “Acute toxicity of flesh oil of Hippophae rhamnoides and its protection against experimentalhepatic injury”. Journal of Traditional Chinese Medical Sciences (1990): 45-47.
- K Y S Y I X M K Cheng J. “Inhibitory effects of total flavones of Hippophae rhamnoides on thrombosis in mouse femoral artery and in vitro plateletaggregation”. Life Sciences (2003): 2263-2271.
- “Eabuckthorn Nutritional Properties: Meet the Little Orange Berry from the Himalayas that’s Interesting in Your Well-being. Sibu: The Seabuckthorn Company” (2006).
- VZVK Nersesian AK. “Antimutagenic properties of sea buckthorn oil”.Genetika (1990): 378-380.
- HG Agrawala PK. “Protective effect of RH-3 with special reference to radiation induced micronuclei in mouse bone marrow”. Indian Journal of Experimental Biology (2002): 525-530.
- “Seabuckthorn Research”. Accessed, (2005).
- “Seabuckthorn (Hippophae Linn. ssp) - A Potential Resource for Biodiversity Conservation in Nepal Himalayas”. International Workshop on Underutilized Plant Species.
- “Study on the effects of the oil from Hippophae rhamnoides in ematopoiesis”. Chinese Herbal Drugs (2003): 572-575.
- G X M Z H W Y G Chai Q. “The experimental studies on the cardiovascular pharmacology of sea buckthorn extract from Hippophae rhamnoides L”. Sea buckthorn (1989): 392-397.
- C T. “Acute toxicity of flesh oil of Hippophae rhamnoides and its protection against experimental hepatic injury”. Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine (1990): 45-47.
- B R T H K G Eccleston CY. “Effects of an antioxidant-rich juice (sea buckthorn) on risk factors for coronary heart disease in humans”. The Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry (2002): 346-354.
- Gupta. “Protective effects of fruit extracts of Hippophae rhamnoides L. against arsenic toxicity in Swiss albino mice”. Human Experimental Toxicology (2006): 285-295.
- R G A K O P S S M S Vijayaraghavan. “Protective effect of ethanolic and water extracts of sea buckthorn (Hippophae rhamnoides) against the toxic effects of mustard gas”. Indian Journal of Experimental Biology (2006): 821-831.
- S D H G V S R B P K R Saggu. “Adaptogenic and safety evaluation of Sea buckthorn (Hippophae rhamnoides)leaf extract: a dose dependent study”. Food and Chemical Toxicology (2007): 609-617.
- S S R M S V I G S R Geetha. “Immunomodulatory effects of seabuckthorn (Hippophae rhamnoides) against chromium (VI) induced immunosuppression”. Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry (2005): 101-109.
- T O K L B V S A. Shipulina. “Anti-viral anti-microbial and toxicological studies on Seabuckthorn (Hippophae rhamnoides)”. New Delhi, Daya Publishing House (2005): 471-483.
- N K R M S M R SM S R Upadhyay. “Safety and wound healing efficacy of sea buckthorn (Hippophae rhamnoides) seed oil in experimental rats”. Food and Chemical Toxicology (2009): 1146-1153.
- C SK D G L S R Mishra. “Effect of Seabuckthorn (Hippophae rhamnoides) flavones on immune system: an in-vitro approach”. Phytotherapy Research (2008): 1490-1495.