Impact of Substandard and Falsified Medicines on Public Health: A Review
Guta Tefera1, Anbessa Bekele2, Habtamu Getahun3 and Yesuneh Tefera4*
1Department of Clinical Pharmacy, Guder General Hospital, Oromia, Ethiopia
2Pharmcautical Sciences, Institute of Health, School of Pharmacy, Jimma University, Ethiopia
3School of Pharmacy, Tulu Bolo General Hospital, Oromia Region, Ethiopia
4Msc student at Jimma, Department of Pharmaceutical chemistry, University ( pharmaceutical Quality Assurance and Regulatory Affairs), School of Pharmacy, Lecturer at University of Gondar Ethiopia
*Corresponding Author: Yesuneh Tefera, Msc student at Jimma, Department of Pharmaceutical chemistry, University ( pharmaceutical Quality Assurance and Regulatory Affairs), School of Pharmacy, Lecturer at University of Gondar Ethiopia.
April 20, 2022; Published: May 30, 2022
Substandard and falsified medicines, which are caused by low-quality drugs, pose a serious global health threat, resulting in over a million patient deaths each year, reducing the effectiveness of medical treatment, contributing to drug-resistant infections, depleting national health resources, and endangering public health in both resource-rich and resource-poor countries. Poor-quality medicines are harmful to people's health, especially when they're antimicrobials used to treat infectious diseases in high-burden communities. As multinational manufacturing and distribution systems become more complicated, the problem of inferior and fraudulent medical products continues to develop. Because of this complexity, there is a greater chance of manufacturing errors or medicines degrading between the plant and the consumer. Legislation, manufacturing procedures, supply chain management, as well as detection and reporting mechanisms are all being used to combat substandard and fraudulent pharmaceuticals. In addition to these initiatives, from a social standpoint, pharmacists' resourceful placement in all businesses, as well as public health education and involvement, should be optimized. This literature evaluation is being undertaken as a pilot study to determine the impact and insights for future research in order to better understand the impact of inferior and counterfeit medicines.
Keywords: Falsified Medicines; Substandard Medicines; Public Health
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