Phytochemical and Pharmacological Potential of Wheat Herb (Triticum aestivum): A Review
Mohammad Asif Khan1*, Rita Yadav2, Vineet Kumar Singh3, Vinod Kumar Singh4, Pavas Mehrotra5, Bahadur Singh6 and Ravi Kumar Gautam7
1Assistant Professor, Department of Pharmacology, Rakshpal Bahadur College of Pharmacy, (UP), India
2Research Scholar, Faculty of Pharmacy, IFTM University, Moradabad, (UP), India
3Associate Professor, Rakshpal Bahadur College of Pharmacy, (UP), India
4Assistant Professor, Future Institute of Pharmacy, (UP), India
5Assistant Professor, Department of Pharmacy, SRMS College of Engineering and Technology, (UP), India
6Assistant Professor, Department of Pharmacy, School of Medical and Allied Sciences, Galgotias University, Gr. Noida, (UP), India
7Assistant Professor, Faculty of Pharmacy, Future Institute of Medical Sciences, (UP), India
*Corresponding Author: Mohammad Asif Khan, Assistant Professor, Department of Pharmacology, Rakshpal Bahadur College of Pharmacy, (UP), India.
March 07, 2022; Published: April 28, 2022
This review emphasizes on the evaluation pharmacological potentials along with the chemistry and chemical constituents. Wheat (Triticum species) is an oat herb belonging to Gramineae (Poaceae) family. It is world's most consumable grain cereal crop that has been utilizing since ancient time. Traditionally, it has been utilized among patients with chronic ailments such as Asthma, Atherosclerosis, Parkinson's disease, Joint Pains, Constipation, Hypertension, Diabetes, Insomnia, Bronchitis, Sterility, Haemorrhage, Obesity, and Flatulence problems. Wheat has been a significant food source in the human eating routine for over 8000 years in Europe, Anatolia, West Asia also, north Africa. It is a rich source of alkaloids, carbohydrates, saponins, proteins, flavonoids etc. It can be effective in the cure of diverse illnesses. Plants are high in antioxidant phytochemical compounds such vitamins, terpenoids, phenolics, lignins, tannins, flavonoids, quinines, alkaloids, and other metabolites. Wheat herb has been reported for numerous pharmacological potentials such as anti-genotoxic, anticancer, anti-inflammation, anti-diabetic, antacid, anti-hyperlipidemic, iron-chelating, fertility booster, anti-hypertensive, anti-oxidant, immunomodulatory and anti-hyperlipidemic property. It was also found effective in the cure of depression and Alzheimer’s disease. Wheat grass (Triticum aestivum) assumes a critical part in medical system for human and animals. In conclusion, it has been used an extensive plant in the treatment of various illnesses due to its unique medicinal properties with easy availability.
Keywords: Triticum aestivum; Gramineae; Flavonoids; Genotoxic; Fertility-booster
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