Preliminary Phytoconstituents Screening and Antibacterial Activities of Pelargonium graveolens Leave Extract
Hawa Alsadi1*, Mustafa Alsadi2, Soad Belhaj1 and Dheba Mohammed Abobaker3
1Chemistry Department, Faculty of Education, Elmergib University, Alkhums Libya
2Food and Drug Control Center, Alkhums, Libya
3Chemistry Department, Science College, Alzawia University, Alzawia Libya
*Corresponding Author: Hawa Alsadi, Chemistry Department, Faculty of Education, Elmergib University, Alkhums Libya.
March 10, 2022; Published: March 31, 2022
The Phytoconstituents of ethanolic/aqueous crude extract of leaves of P. graveolens was, screened qualitatively and quantitatively as well tested against some sorts of pathogenic bacteria. And the revealed results were by the Qualitative detection of those components such as Tannins, Saponins, Terpenoids, Volatile Oils, Flavonoids, Phenols, Aryl-amines, Alkaloids, Reducing Sugars, Glycosides and Amines, are varied in its presence in the extract between abundance, medium and few in existence. As for the Quantitative detection of the extract, the results were for flavonoids, saponins, alkaloids and polysaccharides 63.4, 60.3, 53.2 and 48 %, respectively. Besides, the bioactivity of ethanolic/aqueous crude extract of leaves of P. graveolens was tested against each of Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Bacillus subtilis and Staphylococcus aureus and results revealed 17, 14, 12 and 15 mm respectively.
Keywords: Phytoconstituents; Pelargonium graveolens; Qualitatively and Quantitatively Screening; Antibacterial
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