Assessment of Environment Landscapes Restoration (ELR) in Mining Areas of Tanzania
Pancrace Theonest Shwekelela*
PhD Candidate and Irene Aurelia Tarimo (Supervisor at the Open University of Tanzania), Tanzania
*Corresponding Author: Pancrace Theonest Shwekelela, PhD Candidate and Irene Aurelia Tarimo (Supervisor at the Open University of Tanzania), Tanzania.
August 18, 2021; Published: February 28, 2022
Environmental Landscape Restoration (ELR) activities in mining areas of Tanzania are crucial for ecological restoration and resources conservation. The restoration of mined land in practice is ecosystem reconstruction/the reestablishment of the capability of the land to capture and retain fundamental resources. Mining alters the natural landscape and releases large volumes of wastes that pose serious pollution to the environment, to human health and to agriculture. Mining activities and the wastes of potentially harmful elements and their effect on plants, food chains, and ultimately on human health, is not understood. This leads to climate change, global warming, and loss of biodiversity and food insecurity (SDG 13). When the extraction of mining reserve is over, the altered landscape has to be restored in order to relieve the damaging effects of mining and renovate the landscape environment (SDG 15). Despite the long times-past of mining in Tanzania, no systematic literature research paper has done review on the environmental landscape restoration after mining disturbance. Thus, the aim of this research on post-mining environmental landscape restoration in mining areas of Tanzania is inevitable. This review found that: (i) the application of Social-Ecological Systems Framework (SESF) to the HASHI (“Hifadhi Ardhi Shinyanga” - Shinyanga Soil Conservation programme, 2017) in Tanzania as a case study example on the restoration initiatives. (ii) Integrated Ecosystems assessment in Tanzania (19) Experiences in Ecosystems Management. (iii) Tanzania environmental threats and opportunities assessment . (iv) Uluguru Landscape Management Framework -ULMF [2,3]. (v) Birds of Golden Pride Project area, Nzega District, central Tanzania: an evaluation of recolonization of rehabilitated areas . (vi) Raising voices for blue forests: A chat with Tanzanian “mangrover” Mwita Mangora . (vii) The 5th Scientific Conference on Environmental Sustainability in Tanzania: Man and Biosphere reserves . Thus, from the above published papers (i) – (vii) it is evidenced that ELR is not addressed yet. It is recommended to work on this gap to restore mining ELR in Tanzania.
Keywords: Landscapes; Forests; Environment Landscapes Restoration (ELR)
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