Acta Scientific Pharmaceutical Sciences (ASPS)(ISSN: 2581-5423)

Review Article Volume 6 Issue 3

Review on - Chili and Its Endophytes and Secondary Metabolites

Shaili J Patel1* and Bhavesh Sharma2

1C.G. Bhakta Institute of Biotechnology, Uka Tarsadia University, Maliba Campus, Bardoli- Mahuva Road, Tarsadi, Dist- Surat, (Gujarat), India
2Tarsadia Institute of Chemical Science, Uka Tarsadia University, Maliba Campus, Bardoli- Mahuva Road, Tarsadi, Dist- Surat, (Gujarat), India

*Corresponding Author: Shaili J Patel, C.G. Bhakta Institute of Biotechnology, Uka Tarsadia University, Maliba Campus, Bardoli- Mahuva Road, Tarsadi, Dist- Surat, (Gujarat), India.

Received: December 22, 2021; Published: February 24, 2022

Abstract

Chili (Capsicum annuum L.) is common vegetable crop in India, which is grown for both unripe (green) and ripe (red) fruit. Damping-off, wilt, anthracnose, dieback, root rot, bacterial wilt and other diseases all damage chili crop. Damping-off caused by Pythium aphanidermatum (Edson) Fitz. In nurseries, is major restriction in chili growing, causing 62 percent seedling mortality and 90 percent plant death either as pre-emergence damping off or post-emergence damping off in nursery fields, and is very common issue in fields and greenhouses, where organism kills newly emerging seeps. Chili (Capsicum annuum L.) is common vegetable crop in India, which is grown for both unripe (green) and ripe (red) fruit. Damping-off, wilt, anthracnose, dieback, root rot, bacterial wilt and other diseases all damage chili crop. Damping-off caused by Pythium aphanidermatum (Edson) Fitz. In nurseries, is major restriction in chili growing, causing 62 percent seedling mortality and 90 percent plant death either as pre-emergence damping off or post-emergence damping off in nursery fields, and is very common issue in fields and greenhouses, where organism kills newly emerging seeps. In mutualistic symbiosis arrangement, endophytes are plant-colonizing microorganisms. They are present in most habitats, where they promote immune responses, exclude plant pathogens by niche rivalry, and engage in antioxidant activities and phenylpropanoid metabolism, which generates plant defense, structural support, and survival molecules.

Keywords: Chili; Endophytes; Bioactive Compound; Secondary Metabolites; Endophytic Enzyme; Disease Managements

References

  1. Bhowmik D., et al. “Recent trends in Indian traditional herbs Syzygiumaromaticum and its health benefits”. Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry 1 (2012): 13-22.
  2. Bull AT and Stach JE. “Marine actinobacteria: new opportunities for natural product search and discovery”. Trends in Microbiology 15 (2007): 491-499.
  3. Cammack R., et al. “Oxford dictionary of biochemistry and molecular biology, 2nd editionn. Oxford University Press, Oxford (2006): 74-75.
  4. Carvalho PLN., et al. “Importance and implications of production of phenolic secondary metabolites by endophytic fungi: mini-review”. Mini-Reviews in Medicinal Chemistry 16 (2016): 259-271.
  5. Castillo U., et al. “Kakadumycins, novel antibiotics from Streptomyces sp. NRRL 30566 endophyte of Grevillea pteridifolia”. FEMS Microbiology Letters 224 (2003): 183-190.
  6. Castillo UF., et al. “Munumbicins, wide-spectrum antibiotics produced by Streptomyces NRRL 30562, endophytic on Kennedianigriscans”. Microbiology 148 (2002): 2675-2685.
  7. Guetsky R., et al. “Improving biological control by combining biocontrol agents each with several mechanisms of disease suppression”. Phytopathology 92 (2002): 976-985.
  8. Hanson LE. “Poster presentation. 1st joint IIRB-ASSBT Congress, 26th Feb.-1st March 2003, San Antonio (USA) (2003).
  9. Harman GE. “Overview of mechanisms and uses of Trichoderma spp”. Phytopathology 96 (2006): 190-194.
  10. Karnka R., et al. “Optimization of high-performance liquid chromatographic parameters for the determination of capsaicinoid compounds using the simplex method”. Analytical Sciences6 (2002): 661-665.
  11. Mazida MM., et al. “Analysis of volatile aroma compounds of fresh chilli (Capsicum annuum) during stages of maturity using solid phase microextraction (SPME)”. Journal of Food Composition and Analysis5 (2005): 427-437.
  12. Mohd Anuar IS., et al. “Molecular characterization and pathogenicity of Colletotrichum sp, from guava”. Archiv für Phytopathologie und Pflanzenschutz 47 (2004): 1549-1556.
  13. Nadkarni KM. “The Indian Materia Medica”. Bombay (1927): 1142.
  14. Posada LF., et al. “Enhanced molecular visualization of root colonization and growth promotion by bacillus subtilis EA-CB0575 in different growth systems”. Microbiological Research 217 (2018): 69-80.
  15. Pratiwi RH., et al. “Bioactivity of antibacterial compounds produced by endophytic actinomycetes from Neesiaaltissima”. Journal of Tropical Life Science 8 (2018): 37-42.
  16. Qin S., et al. “Biodiversity, bioactive natural products and biotechnological potential of plant-associated endophytic actinobacteria”. Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology 89 (2011): 457-473.
  17. Rado R., et al. “Biocontrol of potato wilt by selective rhizospheric and endophytic bacteria associated with potato plant”. African Journal of Food, Agriculture, Nutrition and Development 15 (2015): 9762-9776.
  18. Ramamoorthy S., et al. “Structural characterization and anticancer activity of extracellular polysaccharides from ascidian symbiotic bacterium Bacillus thuringiensis”. Carbohydrate Polymers 190 (2018): 113-120.
  19. Reinhold-Hurek B and Hurek T. “Living inside plants: bacterial endophytes”. Current Opinion in Plant Biology 14 (2011): 435-443.
  20. Shaha RK., et al. “Bioactive compounds in chilli peppers (Capsicum annuum L.) at various ripening (green, yellow and red) stages”. Annals of Biological Research8 (2013): 27-34.

Citation

Citation: Shaili J Patel and Bhavesh Sharma. “Review on - Chili and Its Endophytes and Secondary Metabolites". Acta Scientific Pharmaceutical Sciences 6.3 (2022): 39-46.

Copyright

Copyright: © 2022 Shaili J Patel and Bhavesh Sharma. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.




Metrics

Acceptance rate32%
Acceptance to publication20-30 days

Indexed In




News and Events


  • Certification for Review
    Acta Scientific certifies the Editors/reviewers for their review done towards the assigned articles of the respective journals.
  • Submission Timeline for Upcoming Issue
    The last date for submission of articles for regular Issues is July 10, 2022.
  • Publication Certificate
    Authors will be issued a "Publication Certificate" as a mark of appreciation for publishing their work.
  • Best Article of the Issue
    The Editors will elect one Best Article after each issue release. The authors of this article will be provided with a certificate of “Best Article of the Issue”.
  • Welcoming Article Submission
    Acta Scientific delightfully welcomes active researchers for submission of articles towards the upcoming issue of respective journals.
  • Contact US