Acta Scientific Pharmaceutical Sciences (ASPS)(ISSN: 2581-5423)

Review Article Volume 6 Issue 1

A Comprehensive Review: Prevention and Control of SARS Co-V-2

Pramod Chauhan1, Pratima Katiyar2*, Kalpana Kushwaha2, Shivam Kumar Verma1, Amana Parveen1 and Raghvendra Kumar Yadav1

1Research Scholar, School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, CSJM University, Kanpur, U.P. India
2Assistant Professor, School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, CSJM University, Kanpur, U.P. India

*Corresponding Author: Pratima Katiyar, Assistant Professor, School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, CSJM University, Kanpur, U.P. India.

Received: October 14, 2021; Published: December 16, 2021

Abstract

Background: Millions of people in the world have been infected by respiratory viral infections (RVIs) especially upper respiratory infections such as pneumonia and deeper pulmonary infections. About 200 recognized respiratory viruses exist on the planet. They are broadly classified into a family of DNA viruses (Adenoviridae) and RNA viruses (Orthomyxoviridae, Paramyxoviridae, Picornaviridae, and Coronaviride). Among them, SARS-CoV-2 develops a disease named COVID-19. A big cause of the pandemic situation since 2019 and have a considerable impact on human life. Therefore, the prevention and control of SARS Co-V2 are major aims for researchers.

Main Body: The lack of effective vaccination against acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2 [SARS-CoV-2] infection has prompted increased efforts in direction of new medicines search. The repurposing of existing drugs has brought great hope for the treatment of pandemic covid-19 such as Ivermectin, an FDA-approved broad-spectrum antiparasitic recently, demonstrated significant antiviral activity in vitro against SARS-CoV-2. Adamantane derivatives have been also reported as antiviral drugs for respiratory viral infections. These drugs are reused in SARS CoV-2 treatment in the early stages for prophylactic purposes. Various stages are involved in virus propagation in a host cell, termed as “virus life cycle”. So, all stages in the virus life cycle are imminent targets for the discovery of new antiviral entities.

Conclusion: This review paper summarized all aspects of medicinal approaches and biological approaches to control and management of covid infection.

Keywords: Respiratory Viral Infections; SARS Co-v-2; Respiratory Syndrome; Adamantine; Antiviral Drugs; Virus Life Cycle; Vaccine

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Citation

Citation: Pratima Katiyar., et al. “A Comprehensive Review: Prevention and Control of SARS Co-V-2". Acta Scientific Pharmaceutical Sciences 6.1 (2022): 67-75.

Copyright

Copyright: © 2022 Pratima Katiyar., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.




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