Tissue Specific Metal Contamination and Consumption Risk Characterisation of Three Marine Fish Species of Visakhapatnam Coast
Srinivasulu A1, A Jayasree1, GVV Satyanarayana1, Daisy Joseph3*, PVL Narayana1, P Yedukondala Rao2 and ADP Rao1
1Department of Nuclear Physics, Andhra University, Visakhapatnam, India
2Department of Marine Living Resources, Andhra University, Visakhapatnam, India
3Nuclear Physics Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Mumbai, India
*Corresponding Author: Daisy Joseph, Nuclear Physics Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Mumbai, India.
August 03, 2021; Published: September 14, 2021
Concentration of various metals, i.e., Arsenic (As), Copper (Cu), Manganese (Mn), Cadmium (Cd), Iron (Fe), Zinc (Zn) and Selenium (Se) is determined in commonly consumed three marine fish species namely Scomberomorus lineolatus, Lutjanus johni and Arius jella using Hand-held X-ray Ray Fluorescence (HHXRF). From this study, it is observed that, overall, Arius jella found to accumulate higher amounts of all the elements except Fe, whereas Scomberomorus lineolatus exhibited higher concentration of Fe. Further, there is a tissue-specific discrimination among the fish species selected for the present study. Fish liver contains higher metal concentrations followed by gills, and finally the least contents in fish muscle. It is also observed that there is variation among the fish species in addition to the variation of metal concentration among the tissues. The estimated daily intake and hazard quotient are evaluated for all the elements. The hazard quotient for As and Cd are greater indicating that the fishes belonging to this particular area seem to be not safe for human consumption.
Keywords: Marine Fish; Heavy Metal; HHXRF; Consumption Risk; Scomberomorus lineolatus; Lutjanus johni; Arius jella
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