Impact of Applied Protective Measures of COVID-19 on Public Health
Sara AR1,2, Mohamed Raslan1,2, Eslam M Shehata2 and Nagwa A Sabri1*
1Department of Clinical Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Ain Shams University, Cairo, Egypt
2Drug Research Centre, Cairo, Egypt
*Corresponding Author: Nagwa A Sabri, Department of Clinical Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Ain Shams University, Cairo, Egypt.
April 21, 2021; Published: June 09, 2021
Background: COVID-19 is one of the emerged pandemic that threaten the globe.
Aim: The aim of the study is to Perform a literature search to investigate possible protective measures which impact on public health and its positive and negative effects during covid-19 pandemic.
Methods: Internet search in scientific publications and collecting data regarding different protective measures like facemask use, wearing gloves, social distancing, forehead temperature measurement by IR thermometer. Besides, we will highlight the negative effects of smart phone, and social media, and their impact on covid-19 spreading.
Discussion and Conclusion: Several reviews indicated that face mask contributes to some extent in reduction of viral infection spreading. Maintaining a distance of 1.5 meter between individuals could limit the infection outspread and breaking the chain of covid-19. Medical gloves provide a barrier between healthcare professionals and potential risks like patients’ biological specimens. Unlike pediatric use, non-contact IR temperature measurement devices evidences indicated that they are not accurate in adults and may give a false negative results, due to vasoconstriction of blood flow to the foreheads and excessive sweating and so can be misleading. Smartphone use, and social media can lead to a negative health impacts like brain activity alterations, besides their significant influence on the rise of panic and fear associated with the outbreak of COVID-19. Face shields can be used in conjunction with other protective measures like face masks to provide more protection. Throat gargling could be beneficial in reducing viral load but needs more investigation. Herbs, and healthy diet including fruits and vegetables, and homemade food can contribute in prevention of covid-19 infection. Yoga practice can be a complementary measure for those at risk of covid-19 infection. Breathing exercise did not prove any evidence to help people with a dry cough or mild covid-19 infection. Several covid-19 vaccines are now gained exceptional approval for use and showed good and wide range of efficacy.
Keywords: COVID-19; Face Mask; Social Distancing; Medical Gloves; Public Health
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