Luna Dutta Baruah1* and Asha Arya2
1Assistant Professor, Department of Food Science and Nutrition, College of Community Science, Assam Agricultural University, Assam, India
2Professor (Retd.), Department of Foods and Nutrition, College of Home Science, VNMKV, Maharashtra, India
*Corresponding Author: Luna Dutta Baruah, Assistant Professor, Department of Food Science and Nutrition, College of Community Science, Assam Agricultural University, Assam, India.
Received: April 19, 2021; Published: June 03, 2021
Horse gram (Macrotyloma uniflorum, earlier Dolichos biflorus. L) is an underutilized legumes which has the potential to be used as a low glycemic index (GI) food due to their slow rate of starch digestion. It is reported as an excellent source of protein, dietary fibre, micronutrients, phytochemicals with low fat content and relatively high antinutrient factors. Processing of pulses helps in reducing the antinutritional content thereby increasing the availability of nutrients and digestibility of pulses. Hence, this study was conducted to determine the effect of soaking, roasting, and germination of horsegram in different product forms and its impact on the blood glucose and glycemic index of normal and diabetic subjects. Blood glucose response and glycemic index was recorded by using standard methods. Results indicated that horse gram sprouts (germinated) was found to have significantly low glycemic index value in both normal and diabetic subjects (60.59 ± 3.66 and 12.49 ± 0.58, respectively), than horse gram curry (soaking) (66.8 ± 3.58 and 26.83 ± 1.02, respectively) and horse gram paratha (roasting) (84.12 ± 1.95 and 51.49 ± 0.73, respectively), in both normal and diabetic subjects, respectively. Germinated horse gram as well as horse gram curry (soaking) exhibited glycemic index value less than 30 in diabetic subjects as compared to normal subjects, hence horsegram may be incorporated in the diet and recommended for the dietary management of diabetes, thereby addressing nutrition security in terms of non communicable diseases.
Keywords: Horse Gram; Underutilized Legume; Glycemic Index; Diabetic Diet
Citation: Luna Dutta Baruah and Asha Arya. “Effect of Processing of Horsegram (Macrotyloma uniflorum) on the Glycemic Index Value of Normal and Diabetic Subjects". Acta Scientific Pharmaceutical Sciences 5.7 (2020): 02-07.
Copyright: © 2020 Luna Dutta Baruah and Asha Arya. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.