Jeenathunisa N* and Jeyabharathi S
PG and Research Department of Microbiology, Cauvery College for Women (Autonomous), Affiliated to Bharathidasan University, Tamil Nadu, India
*Corresponding Author: Jeenathunisa N, Assistant Professor, PG and Research Department of Microbiology, Cauvery College for Women (Autonomous), Affiliated to Bharathidasan University, Tamil Nadu, India.
Received: April 16, 2021; Published: May 24, 2021
Introduction: Preliminary experiments were conducted during the initial stages of this work showed high concentrations of total Chromium and Zinc in effluent samples. As a result, a specific treatment process was required, aiming to the reduction of Chromium and Zinc content in the textile and dye industry effluent.
Objective: Biosorption, the eco-friendly method to remove heavy metals from the textile and dye industry effluent.
Methodology: Isolation and identification of bacteria and fungi from textile and dye industry effluent, estimation of the heavy metal concentration in the effluent followed by effluent treatment by predominant isolate of bacteria and fungi.
Result: The heavy metals like Chromium and Zinc in the test samples were treated with the predominant bacterial and fungal organisms till 25 days and observed at the time interval of 5 days. Bacteria treated effluent reduced Cr and Zn to 0.25 mgl-1 and 0.09 mgl-1, while fungi reduced 0.36 mgl-1 and 0.11 mgl-1, respectively. Maximum removal of Chromium and Zinc heavy metals was done by Bacteria than fungal treated effluent.
Conclusion: The bioremediation of heavy metals using microorganisms has received a great deal of attention in recent years, not only a scientific novelty but also for its potential application in industry.
Keywords: Bioremediation; Biosorption; Heavy Metals; Chromium; Zinc
Citation: Jeenathunisa N and Jeyabharathi S. “Biosorption of Heavy Metal from Textile and Dye Industrial Effluent". Acta Scientific Pharmaceutical Sciences 5.6 (2020): 98-104.
Copyright: © 2020 Jeenathunisa N and Jeyabharathi S. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.