Acta Scientific Pharmaceutical Sciences (ASPS)(ISSN: 2581-5423)

Research Article Volume 5 Issue 6

Qualitative Pharmacognostical and Phytochemical Evaluation on Moringa oleifera Lam. Leaf

VE Ida Christi1*, M Khadar Bhatcha1, M Suganthi1 and Blesson Sha Fogarty2

1PSG College of Pharmacy, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India
2KMCH Institute of Health Sciences and Research, Coimbatore, India

*Corresponding Author: VE Ida Christi, Professor, Department of Pharmacognosy, PSG College of Pharmacy, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India.

Received: April 28, 2021; Published: May 20, 2021

Abstract

The plant Moringa oleifera Lam. is a small tree otherwise called as horseradish tree or drumstick tree which is one of the pan-tropical species. It is a most useful plant with highly nutritional value and medicinal properties. This current study is planning to evaluate the pharmacognostical and phytochemical properties of Moringa oleifera Lam leaves. Here the pharmacognostical parameter like Macroscopic, Microscopic nature like cellular structure of the leaf and leaf constant characters were evaluated. Preliminary phytochemical analysis was done by using standard procedure. Preliminary phytochemical screening of the extracts of the acetone, ethyl acetate, petroleum ether, chloroform, methanol and aqueous solvents give the positive report for the presence of alkaloid, carbohydrates, proteins tannins and phytosterol. The column chromatography is used to isolate the phytoconstituents in the methanol extract. A white crystalline compound is isolated in the ratio of petroleum ether: chloroform (60:40, 40:60, 20:80) and it was taken for the structural elucidation and subjected to UV-VIS,IR, NMR and Mass spectral studies. It shows the fraction contains pentadecan-1-ol. It may be a precursor or intermediate for the biogenesis for some other compound. Antimicrobial activity of methanol and aqueous extracts of the leaf was screened against Staphylococcus aureus, Bacillus subtilis, Klebsiella aerogenes, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Aspergillus niger Candida albicans. Both extracts shows antibacterial and fungal activity towards these organisms but it was more in alcohol extract. We finally conclude that this study provides Pharmacognostical, Physiochemical and Phytochemical details of the Moringa oleifera leaves which are useful for the researchers in laying down standardization and pharmacopoeia parameters.

Keywords: Moringa oleifera; Phytochemical; Antimicrobial; Standardization; Pharmacognostical

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Citation

Citation: VE Ida Christi.,et al. “Qualitative Pharmacognostical and Phytochemical Evaluation on Moringa oleifera Lam. Leaf". Acta Scientific Pharmaceutical Sciences 5.6 (2020): 62-70.




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