Basant Kumar Karn1, Deependra Prasad Sarraf2* and Erina Shrestha3
1Department of Child Health Nursing, College of Nursing, B.P. Koirala Institute of Health Sciences, Dharan, Nepal
2Department of Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics, B.P. Koirala Institute of Health Sciences, Dharan, Nepal
3Department of Medical Surgical Nursing, College of Nursing, B.P. Koirala Institute of Health Sciences, Dharan, Nepal
*Corresponding Author: Deependra Prasad Sarraf, Associate Professor, Department of Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics, B.P. Koirala Institute of Health Sciences, Dharan, Nepal.
Received: July 31, 2020; Published: August 27, 2020
The objective of the study was to evaluate the drug dose calculation ability of nursing students. A pre-post interventional study was conducted among 99 undergraduate nursing students studying in 2nd year, 3rd year and 4th year. Pre-test was conducted using a self-administered 20-item questionnaire on drug dose calculation test followed by a 30 minute lecture on the methods of drug dose calculation. Post-test was conducted using the same questionnaire after a washout period of six weeks. Mean score, standard deviation, frequency and percentage were calculated. Student’s t-test, one way ANOVA and McNemar Test were used for statistical analysis using SPSS version 11.5. P-value less than 0.05 was considered statistically significant. Pre-test and post-test mean score (± Standard deviation) were 10.59 ± 3.00 and 15.36 ± 2.46 respectively. There was 45.04% increase in mean score in the post-test after the intervention and it was statistically significant (P-value < 0.05). None of students scored more than 90% of mastery level in the pretest and 42 students (42.4%) scored more than 90% of mastery level in the post-test. The mean score was highest for third year students and lowest for 2nd year students in both pre-test and post-test; however, it was statistically not significant (P-value>0.05). Drug dose calculation ability of the students was poor in the pre-test and it significantly improved after the intervention. The study findings highlight the need for regular continuing mathematical and drug dose calculation practice among the students.
Keywords: Calculation; Drug; Dose; Nursing; Students
Citation: Deependra Prasad Sarraf., et al. “Evaluation of Drug Dose Calculation Ability of Nursing Students: An Interventional Study". Acta Scientific Pharmaceutical Sciences 4.9 (2020): 29-34.
Copyright: © 2020 Deependra Prasad Sarraf., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.