Acta Scientific Pharmaceutical Sciences (ISSN: 2581-883X)

Research Article Volume 4 Issue 6

Prevalence and Identification of Bovine Ixodid Tick with their Associated Risk Factors in Hosana District, Hadiya Zone Southern Ethiopia

Haben Fesseha* and Mesfin Mathewos

School of Veterinary Medicine, Wolaita Sodo University, Wolaita Sodo, Ethiopia

*Corresponding Author: Haben Fesseha, School of Veterinary Medicine, Wolaita Sodo University, Wolaita Sodo, Ethiopia.

Received: April 28, 2020; Published: May 22, 2020

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Abstract

 A cross-sectional study was conducted from November 2017 to April 2018 with the objectives of assessing the prevalence of bovine ixodid tick with their risk factors in Hosana district, Hadiya Zone. A total of 384 tick samples were collected from the main body parts of cattle of different age, sex, and body condition for parasitological examination. and four genera of ticks were identified. According to the assessment, the overall prevalence of tick infestation was 29.4%. From these ticks genera, Hyalomma takes the highest prevalence (11.9%) followed by Amblyomma (10.7%), Boophilus (10.2%) and Rhipicephalus (9.4%). The prevalence of tick infestation in poor body condition (72.6%) was higher as compared to good (14.2%) and moderate body condition (13.3%). Besides, the prevalence was higher in old (37.5%) than young (30.4%) and adults (28.0%) age groups of cattle. Moreover, female cattle (30.4%) were more susceptible than male (28.6%) ones. There was a statistically significant (p < 0.05) higher tick prevalence in the wet season than dry seasons. However, there was no statistically significant (p > 0.05) association between tick infestation and age, sex, and body condition. Accordingly, the study showed that the prevalence of ticks is still playing a major role in reducing productivity and cause health problems of cattle in the area which needs a serious collaborative effort and urgent attention.

Keywords: Hosana District; Host Risk Factors; Prevalence; Tick Infestation

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Citation

Citation: Haben Fesseha and Mesfin Mathewos. “Prevalence and Identification of Bovine Ixodid Tick with their Associated Risk Factors in Hosana District, Hadiya Zone Southern Ethiopia".Acta Scientific Pharmaceutical Sciences 4.6 (2020): 20-25.



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