Acta Scientific Pharmaceutical Sciences (ASPS)(ISSN: 2581-5423)

Review Article Volume 4 Issue 5

History, Symptoms and Preventive Measures of Coronavirus Disease-19 (COVID-19): Mini Review

Mohd Asif Khan1* and Deeksha Sahai2

1Assistant Professor, Future Institute of Pharmacy, Future University, Bareilly, UP, India
2Assistant Professor, BIU College of Pharmacy, Bareilly International University, Bareilly, UP, India

*Corresponding Author: Mohd Asif Khan, Assistant Professor, Future Institute of Pharmacy, Future University, Bareilly, UP, India.

Received: February 20, 2020; Published: April 17, 2020

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Abstract

  In 1968, term ‘coronavirus’ was first coined. It shows crown-like morphology when observed under electron microscope. CoVs are summarized into four genera such as Alphacoronavirus, Betacoronavirus, Gammacoronavirus and Deltacoronavirus. Betacoronavirus was further classified into four lineages A, B, C and D. Total 06 species of human coronaviruses have been discovered including OC43, 229E, NL63, HKU1, SARS-CoV and MERS-CoV. A novel (new) coronavirus is recently discovered in December 2019 in Wuhan city of China. The coronavirus belongs to family- Coronaviridae; largest family in Nidovirales order. Chinese authority declared it as a novel coronavirus (nCoV-19). MERS-CoV was detected in camel serum- being almost identical to human coronaviruses. Bats have been a natural reservoir of coronaviruses lineages and thought as ancestor for all coronavirus lineages. In India, 9 deaths have been reported till 24 March 2020. The Print reports that with current rate India can see 30000 COVID-19 deaths by May, as no hospital bed by June. It concludes that its clinical signs and symptoms are almost similar to pneumonia. It indicates to researchers to work on genetic configuration (genome) of coronavirus to develop more specific vaccine to save life of society and world.

Keywords:nCoV-19 (COVID-19); SARS-CoV; MERS-CoV; Bat; Transmission

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Citation

Citation: Mohd Asif Khan and Deeksha Sahai. “History, Symptoms and Preventive Measures of Coronavirus Disease-19 (COVID-19): Mini Review" Acta Scientific Pharmaceutical Sciences 4.5 (2020): 25-26.



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