Acta Scientific Pharmaceutical Sciences (ASPS)(ISSN: 2581-5423)

Review Article Volume 4 Issue 4

Global Suicide Rate Among Youngsters Increasing Significantly

Bahman Zohuri1* and Siamak Zadeh2

1Electrical Engineering and Computer Department, University of New Mexico, and Galaxy Advanced Engineering (CEO), Albuquerque, New Mexico, USA
2Golden Gate University, Ageno School of Business, San Francisco, California, USA

*Corresponding Author: Bahman Zohuri, Electrical Engineering and Computer Department, University of New Mexico, and Galaxy Advanced Engineering (CEO), Albuquerque, New Mexico, USA.

Received: March 03, 2020; Published: March 17, 2020

×

Abstract

  Suicide is a key health concern and a major cause of death among persons aged 10 - 24 years in the United States. In 2017, suicide was the second leading cause of death among this group and from 2007 to 2018, the suicide rate increased 56% among those aged 14 - 19 years. Overall, among teenagers 12 - 19 years, suicide is the third leading single cause of death, after accidents (unintentional injuries) and homicides. According to the latest World Health Organization (WHO), suicidal behavior is also a major health concern in many countries, developed and developing alike. Nearly 800,000 are estimated to die annually from suicide worldwide. Many more, particularly the young and the middle-aged individuals, attempt suicide. In this paper, it is suggested that modern technology plays a significant role in the increase in the rate of suicide among the youths. It is suggested that increasing engagement with social media, driven by new generation of electronic gadgets and smart phones, is an important factor behind the increase in the rate of suicides. Heavy usage of smart phones, such as texting, twitting, or having some other forms of engagement through social media, is a contributing factor.

Keywords:Depression; Suicide Attempt and Suicide Rate; Youngsters; Suicide Risk Management; Augmentation of Artificial Intelligence in Depression Treatment

×

References

  1. Danuta Wasserman., et al. “Global suicide rates among young people aged 15-19”. World Psychiatry 4.2 (2005).
  2. Jean Whalen. “Youth Suicidal Behavior Is on the Rise, Especially Among Girls”. The Wall Street Journal English Edition (2020).
  3. Bahman Zohuri and Patrick J McDaniel. “ Electrical Brain Stimulation for the Treatment of Neurological Disorders”. Apple Academic Press and CRC Press (CRC) Taylor and Francis Group (2020).
  4. Bahman Zohuri and David R Modisette. “Electrical Brain Stimulation to Treat Neurological Disorder”. Journal of Health Science 7 (2019) 123-128.
  5. Christian Nordqvist. What is mental health?.
  6. Yonas G and Jung R. “Fixing brains”. Innovation: America’s Journal of Technology Commercialization 6.3 (2008).
  7. Wassermann EM. “Risk and Safety of Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation: Report and Recommendations from the International Workshop on the Safety of Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation, June 5-7, 1996”. Electroencephalography and Clinical Neurophysiology 108 (1998): 1-16. 
  8. https://medlineplus.gov/depression.html
  9. https://www.wsj.com/articles/cdc-finds-rise-in-suicide-rates-across-the-u-s-1528417378?mod=article_inline
  10. Bertolote JM. “Suicide in the world: an epidemiological overview, 1959-2000. In: Wasserman D, editor. Suicide - an unnecessary death”. London: Dunitz (2001): 3-10.
  11. Wasserman D. “Suicide - an unnecessary death”. London: Dunitz (2001).
  12. La Vecchia C., et al. “Worldwide trends in suicide mortality, 1955-1989”. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica 90 (1994): 53-64.
  13. Diekstra RFW. “The epidemiology of suicide and parasuicide”. Arch Suicide Res. 2 (1996): 1-29.
  14. Schmidtke A., et al. “Suicide rates in the world: update”. Arch Suicide Res. 5 (1999): 81-89. 
  15. Yang B and Lester D. “Natural suicide rates in nations of the world. Short report”. Crisis 25 (2004): 187-188.
  16. https://www.nimh.nih.gov/health/topics/index.shtml
  17. Lefaucheur JP. "Methods of therapeutic cortical stimulation”. Neurophysiologie Clinique/Clinical Neurophysiology 39.1 (2009): 1-14.
  18. http://www.scholarpedia.org/article/Transcranial_magnetic_stimulation
  19. Priori A. "Brain polarization in humans: a reappraisal of an old tool for prolonged non-invasive modulation of brain excitability”. Clinical Neurophysiology 114.4 (2003): 589-595.
  20. Zaghi S., et al. “Noninvasive brain stimulation with low-intensity electrical currents: putative mechanisms of action for direct and alternating current stimulation”. The Neuroscientist 16.3 (2010): 285-307.
  21. Moliadze V., et al. “Boosting brain excitability by transcranial high frequency stimulation in the ripple range”. Journal of Physiology-London 588.24 (2010): 4891-4904.
  22. Schoen I and P Fromherz. "Extracellular stimulation of mammalian neurons through repetitive activation of Na+ channels by weak capacitive currents on a silicon chip”. Journal of Neurophysiology 100.1 (2008): 346-357.
  23. Terney D., et al. "Increasing human brain excitability by transcranial high-frequency random noise stimulation”. Journal of Neuroscience 28.52 (2008): 14147-14155.
  24. Fertonani A., et al. "Random noise stimulation improves neuroplasticity in perceptual learning”. Journal of Neuroscience 31.43 (2003): 15416-15423.
  25. Mulquiney PG., et al. "Improving working memory: Exploring the effect of transcranial random noise stimulation and transcranial direct current stimulation on the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex”. Clinical Neurophysiology 122.12 (2011): 2384-2389.
  26. Ujkaj M., et al. "A novel approach to individualized treatment in psychiatry: use of neuroimaging to predict efficacy and tolerability of ECT treatment for depression in routine clinical practice”. Journal of ECT 28.2 (2012): 149-149.
  27. Trehani M Fonseka., et al. “The utility of artificial intelligence in suicide risk prediction and the management of suicidal behaviors”. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry 53 (2019): 954 -964.
  28. Jenkins AL., et al. “Risk for suicidal ideation and attempt among a primary care sample of adolescents engaging in nonsuicidal self-injury”. Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior 44 (2014): 616-628.
  29. Passos IC., et al. “Identifying a clinical signature of suicidality among patients with mood disorders: A pilot study using a machine learning approach”. Journal of Affective Disorders 193 (2016): 109-116.
  30. Bonner RL and Rich AR. “Psychosocial vulnerability, life stress, and suicide ideation in a jail population: A cross-validation study”. Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior 20 (1990): 213-224.
  31. Fernandez-Arteaga V., et al. “Association between completed suicide and environmental temperature in a Mexican population, using the knowledge discovery in database approach”. Computer Methods Programs Biomed 135 (2016): 219-224.
  32. Franklin JC., et al. “Risk factors for suicidal thoughts and behaviors: A meta-analysis of 50 years of research”. Psychological Bulletin 143 (2017): 187-232.
  33. Liu Y., et al. “Development and validation of a risk prediction algorithm for the recurrence of suicidal ideation among general population with low mood”. Journal of Affective Disorders 193 (2016): 11-17.
  34. Barros J., et al. “Suicide detection in Chile: Proposing a predictive model for suicide risk in a clinical sample of patients with mood disorders”. Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria 39 (2017): 1-11.
  35. Jordan P., et al. “Predicting suicidal ideation in primary care: An approach to identify easily assessable key variables”. General Hospital Psychiatry 51 (2018): 106-111.
  36. Dahiya M. “A tool of conversation: Chatbot”. International Journal of Computer Sciences and Engineering 5 (2017): 158-161.
  37. D’Alfonso S., et al. “Artificial intelligence-assisted online social therapy for youth mental health”. Frontiers in Psychology 8 (2017): 796.
  38. Fitzpatrick K., et al. “Delivering cognitive behavior therapy to young adults with symptoms of depression and anxiety using a fully automated conversational agent (Woebot): A randomized controlled trial”. JMIR Mental Health 4 (2017): e19.
  39. Tielman ML., et al. “A therapy system for post-traumatic stress disorder using a virtual agent and virtual storytelling to reconstruct traumatic memories”. Journal of Medical Systems 41 (2017): 125.
  40. Turker Teking Erguzel and Nevzat Tarhan. “Machine Learning Approaches to Predict Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation Treatment Response in Major Disorder”. SAI Intelligent System Conference 2016, September 20-22, 2016 | London, United Kingdom (2016).
×

Citation

Citation: Bahman Zohuri and Siamak Zadeh. “Global Suicide Rate Among Youngsters Increasing Significantly". Acta Scientific Pharmaceutical Sciences 4.4 (2020): 38-47.



Indexed In





News and Events


  • Certification for Review
    Acta Scientific certifies the Editors/reviewers for their review done towards the assigned articles of the respective journals.
  • Submission Timeline for Upcoming Issue
    The last date for submission of articles for regular Issues is December 15, 2020.
  • Publication Certificate
    Authors will be issued a "Publication Certificate" as a mark of appreciation for publishing their work.
  • Best Article of the Issue
    The Editors will elect one Best Article after each issue release. The authors of this article will be provided with a certificate of “Best Article of the Issue”.
  • Welcoming Article Submission
    Acta Scientific delightfully welcomes active researchers for submission of articles towards the upcoming issue of respective journals.
  • Contact US