Acta Scientific Pharmaceutical Sciences (ASPS)(ISSN: 2581-5423)

Research Article Volume 4 Issue 3

Prevalence, Awareness and attitude Contraceptive use Among Married Women in Ibb City, Yemen

Mawhoob N Alkadasi1*and ET Putaiah2

1Department of Chemistry, Zabid Education College, Hudaiadah University, Yemen
2Former Vice Chancellor, Gulbarga University Gulbarga, Karnataka, India

*Corresponding Author: Mawhoob N Alkadasi, Department of Chemistry, Zabid Education College, Hudaiadah University, Yemen.

Received: January 09, 2020; Published: February 24, 2020

×

Abstract

Aim: This studies were carried out about rate of contraceptive usage, factor effecting contraceptive use and knowledge of women about the possible side effect of hormonal contraceptive on healthy married women in Alqaedah district.

Methodology: A descriptive, cross-sectional study was per-formed using a convenience sampling technique of 223 married women aged 15-49 years old and attending four hospitals in Alqaedah district Ibb city (Alqaedah hospital 85, ALgalibi clinic 35, Marystops center, 55 and Random sample 48) in the period from March to June 2019. The study Each questionnaire was composed of four parts: The first part included questions about socio-demographic characteristics; the second part included questions related to the women's knowledge of the concept and methods of family planning as well as their source of information; the third part included questions about the women's attitudes towards FP; the fourth part included questions about women's practices related to family planning.

Results: In present study found that out of the 223 married women enrolled in this study, 93 (41.7%) have practiced family planning service while 130 (58.3%) have not. Majority respondents, who used contraceptive were fell between the ages of 20-30 (53.8%), secondary levels of education (30.1%) and unemployed (75.8%). In addition, the majority of respondents had 1-4 children (85%) and from Village (67.7%). Most respondent women attending hospitals and centres and practice family planning had heard of family planning (87.1) and Moreover, 57% of respondents identified the concept of FP as birth spacing and most of them used hormonal contraceptive (67.7%). Moreover, most respondents, 35.5% and 22.6% Used combined oral contraceptive (COCs) and intrauterine contraceptive devices (ICDU), respectively and most of oral contraceptive use were Ethinyloestradiol (40.8%).
Healthcare providers were the source of information on family planning for the majority of respondents (59%) and Favourite period for pregnant stop were four-years period (61.3%). The government health facility the most frequent source of contraceptive purchased (48.4%) and doctors as contraceptive counselling (52.7%). Regarding the reasons behind to using contraceptive methods among Yemeni married women residence in Alqaedah district, most respondents 24.8% (23) and 22.6 (21) thought that easy medical counselling and most effective method and majority had Psychological disturbance (41.9%) followed by Anxiety depression, Vertigo and Headache were represented 38.7%, 37.9% and 34.5% respectively.

Conclusion: The use of contraceptive types was quietly high among the Yemeni married women and this could be due higher literacy rate among the Married women, number of children employment status have been positively correlated with high contraceptive use. The study showed knowledge gaps in the use of different methods with oral hormonal contraceptives are being in the top methods among Yemeni women, followed by the IUCD. In spite of Yemeni's success in family planning in this study, but using traditional contraception methods is still relatively low compare with modern methods.

Keywords: Prevalence; Awareness and Attitude; Contraceptive Use Among Married; Women

×

References

  1. Bongaarts J., et al. “Family planning programs for the 21st century”. New York: Population Council 2012.
  2. Singh S., et al. “Adding it up: the benefits of investing in sexual and reproductive health care”. New York: Alan Guttmacher Institute (2013).
  3. National Research Council, Institute of Medicine. The science of adolescent risk-taking: workshop report. Washington: National Academies Press (2011): 6-33.
  4. Furedi A. “Unplanned pregnancy: your choices: a practical guide to accidental pregnancy”. Oxford: Oxford University Press 1996. 
  5. Ghodsi Z and Hojjatoleslami S. “Knowledge of students about patient rights and its relationship with some factors in Iran”. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences 31 (2012): 345-348. 
  6. Cleland J., et al. “Contraception and health”. The Lancet 380.9837 (2012): 149-156. 
  7. Huber JC., et al. “Non-contraceptive benefits of oral contraceptives”. Expert Opinion on Pharmacotherapy 9 (2008): 2317-2325.
  8. Maia HJ and Casoy J. “Non-contraceptive health benefits of oral contraceptives”. The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care 13 (2008): 17-24.
  9. Spencer AL., et al. “Helping women choose appropriate hormonal contraception: update on risks, benefits, and indications”. The American Journal of Medicine 122 (2009): 497-506.
  10. World Health Organization. “Selected practice recommendations for contraceptive use”. 2nd ed. (2004). 
  11. den Tonkelaar D and Oddens BJ. “Factors influencing women’s satisfaction with birth control methods”. The European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care 6 (2001): 153-158.
  12. Shulman LP and Westhoff CL. “Return to fertility after use of reversible contraception”. Dialogues in Contraception 10 (2006): 1-3.
  13. Henshaw SK. “Unintended pregnancy in the United States”. International Family Planning Perspectives 30 (1998): 24-29.
  14. Williams L., et al. “PRAMS 2002 Surveillance Report”. Atlanta (GA): Division of Reproductive Health, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention 2006.
  15. Mao J. “Knowledge, attitude and practice of family planning: A study of Tezu Village, Manipur (India)”. The Internet Journal of Biological Anthropology 1 (2007): 1-6. 
  16. Matthews Z., et al. “Village in the city: Autonomy and maternal health-seeking among slum populations of Mumbai”. In: Kishor S, (Ed.), Focus on Gender: Collected Papers on Gender Using DHS Data. Calverton, MD: Macro International Inc. (2005): 69-92. 
  17. World Health Organization. “Unsafe abortion: Global and regional estimates of the incidence of unsafe abortion and associated mortality in 2000”. 4th ed. Ge-neva: WHO (2004). 
  18. United Nation. World Contraceptive Use 2012. (2012)
  19. Beekle AT and McCabe C. “Awareness and determinants of family planning practice in Jimma, Ethiopia”. International Nursing Review 53 (2006): 269-276.
  20. Sarella LK and Prasanna NSL. “A study on contraceptive knowledge, attitude and practice among reproductive age group women in a tertiary institute”. International Journal of Health Sciences and Research 10.2 (2014): 577-580.
  21. Balgir RS., et al. “Contraceptive practices adopted by women attending an urban health centre in Punjab, India. India”. Indian Journal of Public Health Research and Development 1 (2013): 115-120.
  22. Khawaja NP., et al. “Awareness and practices of contraception among Pakistani women attending a tertiary care hospital”. Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology 24 (2004): 564-567.
  23. Orji EO and Onwudiegwu U. “Prevalence and determinants of contraceptive practice in a defined Nigerian population”. Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology 22 (2002): 540-543.
  24. Khan S., et al. “Contraceptive trends in developing countries”. Macro International Inc. DHS Comparative Reports 16 (2007). 
  25. Rahman MM., et al. “Contraceptive Use among Married Women in Chuadanga District, Bangladesh”. Middle East Journal of Family Medicine 6.2 (2008): 22-27.
  26. Mondal MNI., et al. “Socioeconomic and Demographic Disparities in Knowledge of Reproductive Healthcare among Female University Students in Bangladesh”. International Journal of MCH and AIDS 4.2 (2015): 32-39. 
  27. Tawiah EO. “Factors affecting contraceptive use in Ghana”. Journal of Biosocial Science 29 (1997): 141-149. 
  28. Cakmak A and Ertem M. “An important opportunity for family planning education: The mother of patient receiving medical treatment in a children’s hospital in Turkish”. Journal of Dicle Medical 32.4 (2005): 190-195.
  29. Baldwin SB., et al. “Who is using emergency contraception? Awareness and use of emergency contraception among California women and teens”. Women Health Issues 18 (2008): 360-368.
  30. Janet A. “The effects of Government policies towards contraception use in women”. Poblacion y Salud en Mesoamerica 5.2 (2008).
  31. Renjhen P., et al. “A study of knowledge, attitude and practice of family planning among the women of reproductive age group in Sikkim”. The Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology of India 58 (2008): 63-67.
  32. Fikree FF., et al. “A quality of care issue: appropriate use and efficacy knowledge of five contraceptive methods: views of men and women living in low socioeconomic settlements of Karachi”. Journal of Pakistan Medical Association 55 (2005): 363-368.
  33. Al-Shaikh GK., et al. “Knowledge on adherence and safety of the oral contraceptive pill in Saudi women”. Saudi Medical Journal 33.6 (2012): 665-670.
  34. Zapata LB., et al. “Patient understanding of oral contraceptive pill instructions related to missed pills: A systematic review”. Contraception 87 (2013): 674-684.
  35. Johnson O and Ekong I. “Knowledge, attitude and prac-tice of family planning among women in a rural com-munity in southern Nigeria”. British Journal of Medicine and Medical Research 12 (2016): 1-8.
  36. Fantahun M. “Quality of family planning services in northwest Ethiopia”. The Ethiopian Journal of Health Development 19 (2005): 195-202.
  37. Grady WR., et al. “Men’s perceptions of their role and responsibility re-garding sex, contraception, and childrearing”. Family Planning Perspectives 28 (1996): 221-226.
  38. Opoku B and Kwaununu F. “Knowledge and practices of emergency contraception among Ghanaian Women”. African Journal of Reproductive Health 15 (2011): 147-152. 
  39. Bury L. “Perceptions and realities: Yemeni men and women and contraception”. Key findings from a knowledge, attitudes and practices survey and peer ethnographic evaluation research study Yemen. Lon-don: Marie Stopes International (2008). 
  40. Ba-Hubaish N. “How far Yemenis believe contraception is important?” Yemen Health Time. 9: 18-24. 
  41. Kebede Y. “Contraceptive prevalence in Dembia district, northwest Ethiopia”. The Ethiopian Journal of Health Development 20 (2006): 32-38. 
  42. Mubita-Ngoma C and Kadantu MC. “Knowledge and use of modern family planning methods by rural women in Zambia”. Curationis 33 (2010): 17-22. 
  43. Renjhen P., et al. “A study of knowledge, attitude and practice of family planning among the women of reproductive age group in Sikkim”. The Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology of India 58 (2008): 63-67.
  44. Srivastava R., et al. “Contraceptive knowledge attitude and practice (KAP) survey”. The Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology of India 55 (2005): 546-550. 
  45. El Refaay S. “Study of knowledge, attitude and use of family planning methods at Kariet Amer in Suez governorate”. Ismailia: Suez Canal University (2004). 
  46. Olugbenga-Bello AI., et al. “Contraceptive practices among women in rural communities in south-western Nigeria”. Global Journal of Medical Research 11 (2011): 9. 
  47. Pankhurst H. “Gender, development and identity: an Ethiopian study”. London: Zed Books, Ltd (1992).
  48. UNFPA. Choices not chance- UNFPA family planning strategy 2012-2020. (2012).
×

Citation

Citation: Mawhoob N Alkadasi and ET Putaiah. “Prevalence, Awareness and attitude Contraceptive use Among Married Women in Ibb City, Yemen". Acta Scientific Pharmaceutical Sciences 4.2 (2020): 01-11.



Member In



News and Events


  • Certification for Review
    Acta Scientific certifies the Editors/reviewers for their review done towards the assigned articles of the respective journals.
  • Submission Timeline for Upcoming Issue
    The last date for submission of articles for regular Issues is June 15, 2020.
  • Publication Certificate
    Authors will be issued a "Publication Certificate" as a mark of appreciation for publishing their work.
  • Best Article of the Issue
    The Editors will elect one Best Article after each issue release. The authors of this article will be provided with a certificate of “Best Article of the Issue”.
  • Welcoming Article Submission
    Acta Scientific delightfully welcomes active researchers for submission of articles towards the upcoming issue of respective journals.
  • Contact US