Omoregha Omoaregha Agbayayo1, Ogbonna Onyemaechi John2*, Lawal Babatunde AS2, Abe Pierre Noa2 and Anele Emmanuel Ikechi2
1Department of Pharmacy Technology, College of Health Technology, Calabar, Nigeria
2Department of Pharmacology, Faculty of Basic Medical Sciences, University of Calabar, Calabar, Cross River State, Nigeria
*Corresponding Author: Ogbonna Onyemaechi John, Department of Pharmacology, Faculty of Basic Medical Sciences, University of Calabar, Calabar, Cross River State, Nigeria.
Received: June 25, 2018; Published: July 11, 2018
Citation: Ogbonna Onyemaechi John., et al. “Comparative Studies of Phytochemistry, Proximate, Mineral and Vitamin Compositions of Citrus tangerina and Citrus sinensis Crude Fruit Peel Extracts”. Acta Scientific Pharmaceutical Sciences 2.8 (2018).
Citrus tangerina and Citrus sinensis are medicinal plants cultivated in tropical and subtropical countries mainly for their fruits, leaves and roots. They are used in many cultures for prevention and treatment of diseases. But, the basis for their use in the prevention and treatment of diseases in various parts of the world has not been properly analysed. Samples of both plants were scientifically reviewed and the compositions of the phytochemistry, proximate, mineral and vitamin were revealed. The phytochemistry indicated that both C. tangerina and C. sinensis fruit extracts contain flavonoids including Rutin, Tangeretin, Nobiletin, Naringin, Hesperidin, Quercetin, and Naringenin, also found were carotenoids including beta carotene, lutein, cryptoxanthin and then Limonoids. Both plants also contain moisture, ash, protein, carbohydrate, fibre, total and saturated fats in variable amounts, and also contain some useful vitamins and minerals. There was a significant amount of ascorbic acids (C. tangerina 46.2 ± 0.2 and C. sinensis 55.1 ± 0.2), high K (C. tangerina 161 ± 0.2 and C. sinensis 188 ± 0.2) and low Na (C. tangerina 1.2 ± 0.2 and C. sinensis 1.01 ± 0.2). The high K, low Na and the anti - oxidants may be the reason behind their use in folkloric medicine in many cultures for hypertension, stroke, arrhythmia and cancer treatments and prevention.
Keywords: Citrus tangerina; Citrus sinensis; Phytochemistry; Proximate; Mineral; Vitamin; Fruit Extracts
Copyright: © 2018 Ogbonna Onyemaechi John., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.