Young Scientist, Nanobiosciences and Nanopharmacology Division, Biomaterials and Biotechnology in Animal Health Lab, Department of Animal Health and Management, Alagappa University, Science Campus, Tamil Nadu, India
*Corresponding Author: Balasubramanian Malaikozhundan, Young Scientist, Nanobiosciences and Nanopharmacology Division, Biomaterials and Biotechnology in Animal Health Lab, Department of Animal Health and Management, Alagappa University, Science Campus, Tamil Nadu, India.
Received: December 14, 2017; Published: January 11, 2018
Citation: Balasubramanian Malaikozhundan. “Therapeutic Applications of Nanobiomaterial - A Review”. Acta Scientific Pharmaceutical Sciences 2.2 (2018).
Early detection of disease is a primary goal of the medical community to develop better therapeutics. In this scenario, nanotechnology holds great promise for enabling the production of effective therapeutics. In particular, nanoparticles have showed tremendous potential for detecting cancerous cells, virus and disease markers. Gold, zinc and cobalt coated nanoparticles offers promising alternatives for biomedical applications.
Gold coated ferromagnetic nanoparticles tagged with HIV antibodies can detect viral particles left after completion of conventional drug therapy. Metallic nanoparticles in the form of polymers have also been functionalized with different biomolecules to detect specific proteins, antibodies, and other disease indicators. Biomolecule coated ultra small superparamagnetic iron oxide (USPIO) particles injected in the blood stream recognize target molecular markers present inside cells and induce a specific signal for detection by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).
Copyright: © 2018 Balasubramanian Malaikozhundan. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.