Acta Scientific Paediatrics (ASPE)

Research Article Volume 7 Issue 3

The Status of Women’s Participation in Educational Leadership in Government Secondary Schools: The Case of Dessie Zuria Woreda in South WOLLO Zone

Mekdes Mihret* and Mulu Fentaw

Institute of Teachers Education and Behavioral Sciences, Department of Educational Planning and Management, Ethiopia

*Corresponding Author: Mekdes Mihret, Institute of Teachers Education and Behavioral Sciences, Department of Educational Planning and Management, Ethiopia.

Received: January 12, 2024; Published: February 22, 2024


The main purpose of this study was to assess the status of women participation in educational leadership of government secondary schools in Dessie zuria woreda. Hence, to realize this purpose, secondary school teachers, principals, vice-principals, parent teacher association (PTA) and woeda education officers were used as the target population. In order to make manageable, the sample government secondary schools teachers were selected by simple random sampling technique, and vice-principals, principals, wordea education officers and members of PTA were selected though comprehensive sampling techniques. This study had employed mixed research design particularly concurrent design. Both closed-ended and open-ended questionnaires, semi- structured interviews, and document analyses were used to collect data. The pilot-study was conducted to check the reliability of instruments. Frequency counts, percentages, mean and standard deviations were employed for quantitative data through closed-ended questionnaire and data through qualitative questionnaire were narrated. The finding showed that there is still low participation of women in secondary school leadership and attitude and challenges like misperception of stakeholders, women conflict of roll between their professional duty and family issues, women’s poor self-image remain unchanged. Thus, it was concluded that there is a gap in creating awareness in implementation of policies, rules and regulations in people’s attitude towards women’s secondary schools leadership and competency of female principals is not included in this study. Therefore, it was recommended that the government, the woreda education office society and stakeholders should give great emphasis to work on women leadership; the school leaders should arrange continuous training for school community particularly for female teachers to alleviate the cultural and capacity related factors. The government should seriously look into issues of low women’s participation in educational leadership institutions.

Keywords: Secondary Schools; Educational leadership; Participation; Leadership; Stakeholder; Feminist; Status; Woreda


  1. Baltzell DC and RA “Selecting American School Principals”. Cambridge, MA: Abt Associates (1983).
  2. Best and “Research methodology”. (5th Edition.). Research in education. New Delhi, Hill.
  3. Birhanu. “Women’s participation in leadership”: Tigray Region (1993).
  4. Brown G and Irby BJ. “Women as School Executives: Voices and Visions”. Huntsville, TX: Texas Council of Women School Executives, Sam Houston Press (ERIC Document Reproduction Service No. ED401252) (1995).
  5. Brown ME., et al. “Ethical leadership: A social learning, perspective for construct development and testing”. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes 97 (2005): 117-134.
  6. Brundrett , et al. “Leadership in Education. Educational Management: Research and Practice”. London: SAGE Publications Ltd (2003).
  7. Cary L Cooper and Marilyn Davidson. “Women in Management William Heinemann 1984. £12.95. ISBN 0-434-90262-4
  8. Coleman M. “Gender and secondary school leadership”. Gender Issues in Leadership2 (2005): 1-20.
  9. Covey “Principled-Centered Leadership”. UK: Simon and Schuster Ltd (1999).
  10. Cubillo L and Brown M. “Women into educational leadership and management: International differences. Journal of Educational Administration3 (2003): 278-290.
  11. Dessie Zuriya Woreda Government Education Bureau (2014).
  12. Dörnyei Z and Taguchi T. “Questionnaires in second language research: Construction, administration and processing (2nd)”. London: Routledge (2010).
  13. Edson SK. “Pushing the limits: The Female Administrative Aspirant”. Albany, NY: State University of New York (1988).
  14. "A Theory of Leadership Effectiveness". Hill (1967).
  15. Gall TP and Bor W. “Educational research an introduction: (8th edition). Toronto, on: All Ally and BAC (2007).
  16. Genet Zewdie. “Women in Primary and Secondary Education". Gender Issues in Ethiopia. Addis Ababa: Addis Ababa University (2003).
  17. Grogan M and Brunner C. “Women leading systems”. School Administrator2 (2005): 46-50.
  18. Harege weini and C Emebet M. “Towards Gender Equality in Ethiopia a Profile of Gender Relations”. Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency (2003).
  19. Helgesen S. “The female advantage: women's ways of leadership”. New York, N.Y., Doubleday Currency (1990).
  20. Hersey P., et al. “Management of organizational behaviour”. leading human resources. 8th Upper Saddle River, N.J (2001).
  21. “Violence against women in Ethiopia”. A Storage Case in Civil Society Concern”. Reflection on Realities, and Respective of Hope. Africa-Asian Studies Promotion Association (2004).
  22. Hoy WK and Miskel CG. “Educational administration Theory, research, and practice (8th edition)". New York McGraw-Hill (2008).
  23. Hoy WK and Miskel CG. “Educational administration, theory, research and practice”. New York McGraw-Hill (1991).
  24. Jone SE and Montenegro X. “Factors predicting women's upward career mobilit in School Administration". Journal of Equity and Leadership3 (1983): 231241.
  25. Johnson S. “The leadership role. Houston, TX: Birkman International (2003).
  26. Krüger , et al. “Why principals leave: Risk factors for premature departure in the Netherlands compared for women and men”. School Leadership and Management 25.3 (2005): 241-261.
  27. Lewanson Olukemi “Female Labor Force Participation in Nigeria: Determinants and Trends”. Department of Economics, University of Lagos, Nigeria (2008).
  28. Lindl of TR and Taylor BC. “Qualitative communication research (2nd Edition.)” Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications (2002).
  29. LS Lotto and PW Thurston. “Advances in educational Administration: Changing perspectives on the school, vol.1. Greenwich, Conn.: JAI Press (1990).
  30. Marshall “The career socialization of women in school administration”. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company (1999).
  31. Meron Genene. “Paper Presented at the Conference Entitled-Bridge Building between Ethiopia and Austria” May 9, 2003, Vienna, Austria (2003).
  32. Mbua FN. “Educational Administration: Theory and Practice”. Design House,
  33. McEwan “Ten traits of highly effective principals: From good to great performance”. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage (2003).
  34. Miranda RT. “Impact of women’s participation and leadership on outcomes”. UN Department of Economic and Social Affairs (DESA), Division for Advancement (2005).
  35. “Eduscation sector development programme III (ESDPIII)”. Joint review mission final report. Addis Ababa. Ethiopia (2006).
  36. “School Leadership and Management; Program action plan”. Addis Ababa (2013).
  37. “Educational Statistics Annual Abstract From 2005 to 2009” (2007).
  38. “Education Sector Development Program (ESDP IV) Action plan”. Addis Ababa (2010).
  39. MoE. “The Education and Training Policy of Ethiopia”. Addis Ababa (1994).
  40. Morphet E., et al. “Educational organisation administration”. London: Prentice-Hall International, Inc (1982).
  41. Panigrahi “Perception of Secondary School Stakeholders towards women representation in Educational Leadership in Harari Region in Ethiopia”. International Women Online Journal of Distance Education, Volume: 2 Issue: 1 Article: 03 ISSN: 2147-0367 leadership, Expert Group Meeting held from 24 to 27 October 2005, Addis Ababa (2013).
  42. Sanchez and “Gender Issues in K-12 Educational Leadership”. Advancing Women in Leadership Journal 30.13 (2010).
  43. “Educational Administration Quarterly 39 (2003): 504-506
  44. Shum LC and Cheng YC. “Perceptions of women principals’ leadership and teachers”. Journal of Educational Administration2 (1997): 165-184.
  45. Sperandio J. “Women leading and owning schools in Bangladesh: Opportunities in public, non-formal and private education”. Journal of Women in Educational In press (2006).
  46. Teklu T. “Disparity in academic achievement in selected college of teachers education in Oromia region”. Ethiopian Journal of Education and Science1 (2013).
  47. United “The Beijinn Declaration and the platform for action, fourth World conference on Women, Beijing, China”. New York (1996).
  48. UNESCO. “Dakar frame work for the action of education for all: Meeting our collective commitments”. Dakar: Leopard Publisher (2000).
  49. Walker “Patterns in Women’s Merging Leadership”. Educational Consideration (1995).
  50. Weber CA and Weber “Fundamental of Educational Leadership”. New York: McGraw-Hill Book Co (1955).
  51. Wellington Sheila and Catalyst. “Be Your Own Mentor: Strategies for Top Women on Secrets of Success”. New York: Random House, Inc (2001).
  52. Young MD. “Shifting away from women’s issues in educational leadership in the US: Evidence of a backlash?” International Studies in Educational Administration 2 (2005): 31-42.
  53. “Fundamental principles of research and it implementation: Alpha Printing enterprise, Bahir Dar, Ethiopia (1998).
  54. YukI GA. “Leadership and Organizations, (3rd). Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice- Hall, Inc (1994).


Citation: Mekdes Mihret and Mulu Fentaw. “The Status of Women’s Participation in Educational Leadership in Government Secondary Schools: The Case of Dessie Zuria Woreda in South WOLLO Zone".Acta Scientific Paediatrics 7.3 (2024): 25-50.


Copyright: © 2024 Mekdes Mihret and Mulu Fentaw. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.


Acceptance rate33%
Acceptance to publication20-30 days
Impact Factor1.197

Indexed In

News and Events

  • Certification for Review
    Acta Scientific certifies the Editors/reviewers for their review done towards the assigned articles of the respective journals.
  • Submission Timeline for Upcoming Issue
    The last date for submission of articles for regular Issues is June 25, 2024.
  • Publication Certificate
    Authors will be issued a "Publication Certificate" as a mark of appreciation for publishing their work.
  • Best Article of the Issue
    The Editors will elect one Best Article after each issue release. The authors of this article will be provided with a certificate of "Best Article of the Issue"
  • Welcoming Article Submission
    Acta Scientific delightfully welcomes active researchers for submission of articles towards the upcoming issue of respective journals.

Contact US