Acta Scientific PAEDIATRICS (ISSN: 2581-883X)

Research Article Volume 6 Issue 2

Relevance of Auditory and Oropharyngeal Diagnostics in Children with Feeding Disorders

Lina Viktoria Benkhardt1,2*, Mona Katharina Sprengeler2, Michael Fuchs1, Kai von Klitzing2, Sylvi Meuret1,+ and Franziska Schlensog-Schuster2,+

1Division of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, Phoniatrics and Audiology, University of Leipzig, Liebigstrasse, Leipzig, Germany
2Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics, University of Leipzig, Liebigstrasse, Leipzig Germany
3University Hospital of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, University of Bern, Bollingenstrasse 111, 3000 Bern 60, Switzerland *shared authorship: Dr. Sylvi Meuret and Dr. Schlensog-Schuster

*Shared Senior Authorship: Dr. Sylvi Meuret and Dr. Schlensog-Schuster

*Shared Authorship: Lina Benkhardt, Division of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, Phoniatrics and Audiology, University of Leipzig, Liebigstrasse, Leipzig, Germany.

Received: November 21, 2022; Published: January 18, 2023

Abstract

2.5% of children aged 18 months have a diagnosed feeding disorder, 1% experience oropharyngeal difficulties and 0.3% of newborns are affected by hearing loss as the most common sensory disability in childhood. This investigation describes the prevalence of hearing loss and oropharyngeal dysphagia in children with a feeding disorder and their secondary diagnoses. Additionally, the associations of a feeding disorder, hearing loss and oropharyngeal dysphagia are examined. A retrospectively reviewed sample of N = 179 children aged 0 to 6 years with a feeding disorder was analysed. Only children who submitted at least one audiometry screening or flexible endoscopic evaluation of swallowing were included. Sixty-three children presented hearing loss (35.2%), 14 (7.8%) oropharyngeal dysphagia and 14 (7.8%) all three disabilities. The following findings also revealed that children with a feeding disorder and hearing loss have a high coincidence with cardiovascular and syndromal diseases. The results indicate that repeated hearing examinations during early childhood are essential for children with a feeding disorder to reduce the clinical outcome of hearing loss, but flexible endoscopic evaluations of swallowing should be considered only in children with specific risk factors.

Keywords: Hearing Loss; Oropharyngeal Dysphagia; Feeding Disorder; Syndromal Diseases; Cardiovascular Conditions; Early Childhood

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Citation

Citation: Lina Viktoria Benkhardt., et al. “Relevance of Auditory and Oropharyngeal Diagnostics in Children with Feeding Disorders". Acta Scientific Paediatrics 6.2 (2023): 02-15.

Copyright

Copyright: © 2023 Lina Viktoria Benkhardt., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.




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